One major type of Thoroughbred horse race is the handicap race, in which the weights horses must carry during a race are adjusted in relation to their age (the more immature the horse, the less weight it carries). In this system, a two-year-old, the youngest racer, competes with less weight to carry than a horse that is three years or older. In general, a horse is reckoned as being fully aged at five years and is handicapped accordingly. There are also sex allowances for fillies, so that they carry slightly lower weights than males. Weight penalties or allowances are also provided on the basis of individual horses’ past performance. Such handicaps may be set centrally where racing is so controlled or by individual tracks, the goal being to render all horses as nearly equal as possible by establishing what is called racing form. The handicap race thus represents an outright repudiation of the classic concept that the best horse should win. Instead, handicaps are assigned with the specific objective of giving all the horses in a race an equal chance of winning.
I was on Youtube today and someone was comparing the first race of Hidden Scroll to the first race of Justify (both earned 104 BSRs for their first race)......it's still too early to tell but maybe Justify will eventually replace Secretariat as the new Gold Standard for young horses.....how long before a bronze statue of Justify replaces the bronze statue of Secretariat at Belmont Park Race Track?.....the times are a changing that's for sure...

As racing became big business, governments entered wagering with offtrack betting, which was very beneficial to racing in Australia, New Zealand, and France and less so in England and New York City. In the United States, illegal bookmaking offtrack became the province of organized crime. Legal offtrack betting parlours proliferated during the late 20th century but were less prevalent in the 21st because of the growth of online gambling and the general decline in horse racing’s popularity.
In order to provide accurate information regarding payments, I compiled the details recorded on each casino’s website. I also performed an audit, making test payments with a variety of payment methods across the casinos. This allowed me to verify that the data provided by the operator was correct and up to date. As regards withdrawals, the majority of operators require an ID check to be performed prior to the first cash out. For some operators, this ID check is mandatory even before making the first deposit. As with the payments, I also tested the ID verification process across the operators, to ensure that it matched the instructions recorded on the casino website.
Neteller.Neteller is another e-wallet payment system available in more than 150 countries around the globe. Some time ago it was considered to be the most popular payment option in the gambling industry. And even though it’s replaced by the credit cards now, many casinos accept Neteller payments and many gamblers choose it as the main payment system. This option is currently not available for the USA gamblers.

No matter what methods you use to find +EV bets, the information contained in our article on finding maximum value is a must read. Next, if you’re thinking about purchasing picks, read our article on winning without a tout. In that article you’ll also find some information on getting free picks. Use that with the earlier mention getting max value article, and shopping the market and you’ll likely be turning an easy, yet slightly time consuming profit.
Finally, Benter sent an anonymous letter to the Jockey Club’s directors explaining his intentions. But the organization never shared it with the public. (Club spokeswoman Samantha Sui told Bloomberg Businessweek, “We are not in a position to disclose or comment on matters related to specific customers due to privacy and confidentiality concerns.”) At the time, head of betting Henry Chan told the Morning Post that there was no way of knowing who the ticket holder was. “Although this is bad luck for one winner,” he said, “it means there will be a lot of winners through the charities.”
Anna Waller, a member of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of North Carolina, co-authored a four-year-long study of jockey injuries and stated to the New York Times that "For every 1,000 jockeys you have riding [for one year], over 600 will have medically treated injuries." She added that almost 20% of these were serious head or neck injuries. The study reported 6,545 injuries during the years 1993–1996.[80][81] More than 100 jockeys were killed in the US between 1950 and 1987.[82]
Slots, roulette and blackjack are the most popular UK online casino games, and a balanced range should be offered by an operator to meet its customer’s needs. Yet, there are other games, which although not generally as popular, should still be provided to cater to all tastes. So whilst it is true that you’ll find a smaller selection of other games, like video poker, arcade games, and tables games, such as craps and baccarat, they should still be provided by any decent casino. When assessing and comparing the game selection, I have omitted the live dealer games. These have been put to the test in a separate category, which you will learn more about shortly. Overall, in my opinion, William Hill boasts the best game selection. Not only does it have a good total number of games, but there is also a good balance across all game types, giving plenty of choice to all types of players.

Free football betting tips and our best soccer predictions are what Punters Lounge have been advising since 1999. However, we're not like most websites as we have an army of the best football tipsters on our World Famous Betting Forum but we're also armed with some amazing and unique football ratings that take away any chance of wrongly assessing matches because of human error or chasing losses.


The earliest American racecourses were typically straight quarter-mile sprints. For these short distances, American jockeys developed a style of riding involving a short stirrup and a crouching posture—this “American seat” eventually became standard worldwide for all distances. As longer, elliptical racetracks were built in New York and throughout the South, a greater onus was placed on jockeys to pace their horses. Because Thoroughbred horses are capable of running only about a quarter of a mile at top speed, determining what pace to set and when to unleash this burst of speed is crucial to winning. The American jockey Isaac Murphy was famous in the 1880s and ’90s for his “grandstand finishes.”
At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; Springdale Race Course, home of the nationally renowned Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD Bank) Carolina Cup and Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina, is known as one of the tracks where betting is illegal, due to a 1951 law. Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool. In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds. This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time (known as 'taking the price' in the UK). Parimutuel gambling on races also provides not only purse money to participants but considerable tax revenue, with over $100 billion wagered annually in 53 countries.[75]
As mentioned earlier, the payout rate or RTP is calculated over thousands and thousands of games, working an average of the amount of money bet to the amount of money returned to players as winnings. As such, I was not in a position to manually test and calculate the actual RTP of each and every game offered by each casino, the variance would be too high to give an accurate result. What’s more, the calculation is more complex than simply working out an average, and you need to know the probability of the occurrence of each symbol, which is not divulged by the game manufacturers. The calculation of payout percentages is carried out by regulators, who have analysed the games in detail and verified and approved the results of the games.
The closed casinos reviewed in this section all once were US-facing online casinos. Six of these casinos were owned by NetAd Management and the Affactive Group affiliate program, while the other four casinos were owned by Milore Limited and the Revenue Jet affiliate program. The owners of all ten sites, Ziv Orenstein and Gery Shalon, were arrested for the JPMorgan-Chase cyber-attack of 2014, so all 10 online casinos were closed. These were considered rogue casinos before they closed, which is why readers should read warnings about sites before depositing money there.
Teaser Betting Strategy – This is perhaps the easiest method a sports bettor can use to find bets with a positive advantage. When you also read our article on the current betting market, you’ll realize just before game time the lines are efficient. Teasers are based off the current betting lines, so no longer do you need to go do any deep analysis to find out whether as straight bet is +EV. Here find spots where teasers increase the win rate by enough and you’ll have a +EV bet. This is all described in our article on teaser betting strategy.

Overall, there is a good level of customer service provided by all of the operators. All provide live chat 24/7, and with the exception of InterCasino, support is also available by phone round the clock. It’s worth noting however that calls to Mr Green and Betfair will be charged at standard UK rate, where as the other casinos provide their phone service free of charge. Email queries were responded to within 24 hours by all operators, with 888casino leading the way with the fastest replies to my questions. All the operators also provided an additional customer support channel, from on site contact forms, to Skype.


Reliable and helpful customer support is an important consideration when assessing a casino. You need to know that help is available should you ever need it. It should also be available through various options, including phone, preferably free of charge, email and probably the most convenient option, live chat. It is also a plus if the customer support is available round the clock, so there is always help on hand whenever you need it. If you prefer to contact customer service by email, then it’s also helpful to know how long it generally takes to get a reply.
By the time he moved back to Pittsburgh, he’d inspired others in Hong Kong to form syndicates of their own. In response, the Jockey Club began publishing reams of technical data and analysis on its website to level the playing field. With a little effort, anyone could be a systematic gambler—or mimic one. The odds boards at Happy Valley and Sha Tin were color-coded to show big swings in the volume of wagers on a horse, specifically to reveal whom the syndicates were backing.
Licence and Jurisdiction - We only promote and recommend online casinos that are licensed and regulated by trusted online gambling regulators such as the Malta Gaming Authority, UK Gambling Commission, Government of Gibraltar, Alderney Gambling Control Commission, Kahnawake Gaming Commission, Curacao eGaming and eCogra. Note: While we might promote some online casinos licensed in Curacao we recommend that you avoid any other online casinos in this jurisdiction, especially those not listed on our website.
I looked at how I assessed the website and software previously on this page, yet there is one factor missing there – the minimum requirements. I included not only hardware requirements but also any software specifications, such as compatible browsers and plugins needed. The majority of the operators listed this info on their sites, and as such, I used this to provide the technical specifications within each casino review. Where this info was lacking from a site, I tried to test the minimum requirements using my own equipment. This did prove challenging, though, as very old equipment is required to match the lowest of requirements. In these cases, I ultimately provided details of the minimum hardware and software requirements I was actually able to confirm with my equipment.
Afterward, Hong Kong’s tax authority began to investigate the Woods syndicate. By law, gambling winnings were exempt from taxation, but company profits weren’t. The question was whether the syndicates had moved beyond conventional betting and started behaving like corporations. The implications would be dire if the Inland Revenue Department decided to tax profits retroactively. When agents asked Woods for a list of his investors, he fled to the Philippines.
Between races, Benter struggled to make his algorithms stay ahead of a statistical phenomenon called gambler’s ruin. It holds that if a player with limited funds keeps betting against an opponent with unlimited funds (that is, a casino, or the betting population of Hong Kong), he will eventually go broke, even if the game is fair. All lucky streaks come to an end, and losing runs are fatal.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been unchanged since at least classical antiquity.[1]
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