The earliest races were match races between two or at most three horses, the owners providing the purse, a simple wager. An owner who withdrew commonly forfeited half the purse, later the whole purse, and bets also came under the same “play or pay” rule. Agreements were recorded by disinterested third parties, who came to be called keepers of the match book. One such keeper at Newmarket in England, John Cheny, began publishing An Historical List of All Horse-Matches Run (1729), a consolidation of match books at various racing centres, and this work was continued annually with varying titles, until in 1773 James Weatherby established it as the Racing Calendar, which was continued thereafter by his family.

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If you’ve decided to make the transition from gambling at a brick and mortar casino to gambling at an online casino, you should opt to find one which is suited to your gambling lifestyle. Although this might sound straightforward and simple, it’s definitely not as easy as you think. This is where we come in with our online casino reviews to help you in finding your online casino home. 
The same historical progression was followed for wagers, with the bets in early (two-horse) races being simply to win and modern bets being placed on the first three horses (win, place, and show). From private bets, wagering was extended in the 19th century to bookmaking (a bookmaker is a professional bet accepter who tries to set his odds so that a percentage is working in his favour). Later in that century, betting was taken over worldwide by the racetrack managements in the form of the pari-mutuel. This is a common betting pool in which those who bet horses finishing in the first three places share the total amount bet minus a percentage for the management. The pari-mutuel was perfected with the introduction in the 20th century of the totalizator, a machine that mechanically records bets and can provide an almost instant reflection of betting in all pools. It displays the approximate odds to win on each horse and the total amount of wagering on each horse in each of various betting pools. The customary pools are win, place, and show, and there are such specialty wagers as the daily double (winners of the first two races), perfecta (win and place winners in order in one race), quiniela (as in the perfecta but not in order), and trifecta (win, place, and show winners in order in one race). Other specialty wagers, sometimes offering extremely high payouts, require the bettor to select multiple trifectas, the winners of several races, or the first four horses in one race.
No, our predictions and betting tips are based solely on mathematical algorithm. It is just about statistics ! Sport can be unpredictable and there is no magic formula ether. In order to choose good bets you need knowledge, experience and an extensive understanding of the game. Our alghoritm can be only one of your guidelines and aids. The slightest change in events can change the direction of the game such as the weather, teams training, injury and player’s suspension can affect the odds.
Benter continued to operate his in-person betting scheme through the turn of the millennium, with his model expanding to track more than 120 factors per horse, but the logistics were proving a grind. He felt disconnected from his gambler friends in Wan Chai—a nocturnal clique of geeks and rogues. He had started mixing with a more professional crowd, adopting their dress code of smart suits and ties, and he’d taken a more active role in the local Rotary Club chapter. Benter embraced its motto of “Service Above Self,” giving millions of dollars anonymously and visiting impoverished schools in China and refugee camps in Pakistan. For the first time, he thought seriously about quitting and moving back to the U.S. If it all has to end, he thought, I’ve had an incredible run.
A handicapper takes information from numerous sources, assigns weights and values to it. They will make their own power ranking and predict what the point spread should be without looking at the official line first, and then compare their predictions to the line to look at discrepancies. A large amount of data available via the internet and other sources means that the handicapper has more information but it means there is more to sift through to find the gems. The use of computer programs can help when searching through the data.
Benter was a more reserved presence. He could often be seen sitting at the end of a bar, engaged in quiet conversation. Over time an aura built up. To the small group of insiders who knew that software had conquered Happy Valley—perhaps a dozen people—Benter was the acknowledged master. Even Woods (in an interview he later gave to an Australian journalist) admitted that his rival’s model was the best. But the two men couldn’t resolve their differences. When Benter saw his old partner in Wan Chai, he would smile politely and walk away. They’d gone 10 years without speaking.
David has been playing casino games for over 10 years. His speciality is blackjack and baccarat and, although he has never had the success that the MIT Blackjack team had, he does enjoy passing on his accumulated wisdom regarding strategy and odds. He now spends most of his time in online casinos, as he prefers to play games from the comfort of his home.
The first thing we do when reviewing any casino is to perform a quick investigation that shows us whether a casino is authentic or not. If a casino doesn’t hold a legal license, then we do not review it. Casinos that don’t offer top software providers also get overlooked as we only review the best operators. We also do an extensive background check on the company behind an online casino, who owns it and whether they are publicly traded or not.
Bonuses are in shorter supply than in years past, but there are still good values to be found here. Sportsbooks often offer a “first time deposit” bonus or a reload bonus for players who are depositing. This can be a goldmine when played correctly. It is good to always try and max out the bonus while it is available. So if a book offers a reload bonus of 20% up to a $2000 deposit, it is in your best interest to deposit the full amount and take advantage of the $400 bonus. Signing up for a new book just to get the bonus is often a good play as well. Hunt online for books, talk to your friends, and search forums to find the best bonuses available. Be especially aware of special bonuses during busy times such as the NFL Playoffs or big soccer betting events such as the World Cup, Euros or even the Champions League finals, since books will be highly competitive and vying for your action.

Travers Undercard Stakes - There were 6 other stakes on the 2018 Travers undercard, including the Sword Dancer (G1) won by Glorious Empire, the Personal Ensign (G1) won by Abel Tasman, the Ballerina (G1) won by Marley's Freedom, the H. Allen Jerkens Memorial (G1) won by Promises Fulfilled, the Forego (G1) won by Whitmore, and the Ballston Spa (G2) won by Quidura.


Sports betting appeals to the smart bettor because it is not a game with a fixed house edge where the casinos are raking off fixed percentage. Sports betting requires more skill than luck similar to live poker. You won’t win every time but the skilled handicapper has a huge advantage over the recreational bettor. Before going into more detail you need to understand how sports betting works. We will take a look at football where a point spread is involved.

Other additions, such as the number of rest days since a horse’s last race, were more successful, and in his first year after returning to Hong Kong, Benter won (as he recalls) $600,000. The next racing season, ending in the summer of 1990, he lost a little but was still up overall. He hired an employee, Coladonato, who would stay with him for years, and a rotating cast of consultants: independent gamblers, journalists, analysts, coders, mathematicians. When the volume of bets rose, he recruited English-speaking Filipinos from the ranks of the city’s housekeepers to relay his bets to the Jockey Club’s Telebet phone lines, reading wagers at the rate of eight a minute.
Kentucky Derby Notes for 4/30 - Combatant made his final times work at Churchill Downs and during the day all the Derby horses finally arrived at the track. Entries were drawn for the Oaks and the Derby will be drawn on Tuesday. Check out comments and photos for the Derby and Oaks horses, probable starters for the rest of the Derby weekend stakes, and more. Previous: 4/29, 4/28, 4/27, 4/26, 4/25, 4/24, 4/23, 4/22, 4/21
Betting odds represent the bettors’ perception of value, not actual value. Our betting systems are able to pinpoint and exploit pricing opportunities created by the irrationality of sports bettors, and the need for sportsbooks to balance their risk exposure. By examining 20+ years of betting line data with our proprietary betting trends, we’ve developed profitable betting strategies based on cutting edge “market efficiency” economic theory.
The New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement which was established in 1977 and served to control brick and mortar casinos in the gambling industry at first. However, nowadays it also acts as a regulatory body of all the online casinos which are licensed under this particular Gaming Enforcement. It’s important to note that if you’re keen on gambling online as an American citizen residing in New Jersey, you’ll need to find an online casino which is licensed in the state itself.
Online casinos began using simple HTML code with JavaScript. As computers have advanced, so have the quality of casinos. The predominant form then came as downloadable casino clients that use computing resources to run the games. With the recent surge in Web-focused and mobile technology, Adobe Flash is now becoming the preferred method for playing online casinos.
The bonuses that tend to have the most restrictions are no deposit bonuses, especially when used as a form of a welcome bonus. Because the bonus funds are accessible to anyone who opens an account, a casino will typically exercise a particularly high amount of verification and regulation of a no deposit bonus. Although there are some exceptions, the vast majority of online casinos set wagering requirements for no deposit bonuses to be significantly higher than that of their match deposit bonus counterparts. They will also almost always restrict the maximum amount of money that can be withdrawn from the bonus upon meeting the playthrough, often to 5x or 10x the bonus value.
Awesome Again Stakes (G1) Day - Saturday at Santa Anita, Accelerate won easily in the Awesome Again Stakes (G1) over West Coast. Also on the card, Bellafina won the Chandelier Stakes (G1), Game Winner won the American Pharoah Stakes (G1), Vasilika won the Rodeo Drive Stakes (G1), and Travieza won the Unzip Me Stakes. Get the results, charts, and photos here.
This is the area where we find the biggest differences between NJ online casino sites. The best NJ online casinos can offer dozens – even hundreds – more games that their competitors, as most offer unique platforms that carry games from a wide range of suppliers. Online casino gambling in New Jersey can be a pretty different experience from one site to the next if you’re talking about the slots and table games offered by each unique site in the market.
The other step is to check the UK Gambling Commission’s official website. There you will find a handy tool, where you can enter either the name of the operator or the number of their gambling licence. This will return all details of the operator and their licence, enabling you to confirm if the licence is valid, or if it has been suspended, forfeited, revoked or has expired. Usually, when you click the Gambling Commission logo from the casino website, you will be linked directly to the relevant page on the UKGC website which lists all the relevant details of the operating licence. Once these two steps have been completed, you can play with complete peace of mind that the site is operating legally and that player protection is treated as a high priority.
That failure, however, led to a second period of his career as lucrative as Hong Kong was. He worked with one of his baseball backers to start betting on U.S. horse racing. Parimutuel tracks are scattered around the country, and by the late 1990s it became easier to amass data on a lot of them. The U.S. business took off just as competition began eroding profits in Hong Kong. “There is a golden age for a particular market,” he said, fiddling with a stack of decommissioned casino chips. “When there aren’t many computer players, the guy with the best system can have a huge advantage.”
In case you didn’t know, there are tons of different software providers in the online gambling industry that are responsible for powering the various casino sites that you’ll come across in your search for the best place to play casino games online. Each software provider has a completely different suite of games available, which means that the games available at one casino may be very different from the next. It takes a bit of getting used to in order to be able to identify which games are from which software provider, but you’ll pick up on this rather quickly as you begin your adventures in online gambling. And once you’ve figured out which games you like the most, you can always return to this page and use the filter above to locate trusted casinos that have the games that you enjoy playing the most. What’s exciting about the online gambling industry right now is that more and more online casinos are offering Vegas-style games from the likes of software providers such as Bally, IGT, and WMS. But there are a lot of great software providers whose games are available exclusively online too; including NetEnt, NextGen Gaming, and RTG just to name a few.
26 year old Tayla Polia placed an outrageous 15-team parlay on a selection of NFL games at odds of 20,000/1. Her bet included Vikings -5, Falcons +3, Texans +1, Chiefs -8, Redskins +1, Patriots -14, Cardinals -4, Giants +5, Seahawks -14, Packers -3, Chargers -2, Steelers -6, Steelers/ Broncos over 45, Bengals -4, and Lions +3. She guessed them all correctly and won $100,0000. It might not be the biggest win in terms of money but it certainly is one of the biggest in terms of sheer guts judging by the selections made.

November 2011 will remain one etched in the darkest reaches of the memories of UK bookmakers. It was a month when one weekend saw the vast number of favorites win their game leaving the bookies licking their wounds. The biggest payout was suffered by William Hill. A better living in a tiny village on the island of Malta placed an audacious 19-team accumulator. It was only an 80p bet. The better will forever be indebted to former Liverpool full back Glen Johnson who bagged a winning goal 3 minutes from time to seal a win for the Reds against Chelsea and deliver the six-figure win for the lucky bet placer.


We're going to share with you the most important secret of winning your sports bets: follow the news and use the right tools! On our website we bring quality content to bettors who want to stay up to date with the latest developments. You will find live stats, live streaming, daily predictions and football tips, our expert level analyses of bookmakers or soccer news, therefore many tools are available to help you place the winning bets and increase your gains .
All of our best online casino review sites picks have been carefully selected which means that you won’t ever find a rubbish casino. We only ever review the best of the best. You can count on a great experience each time you visit one of these casinos. They have some massive jackpots up for grabs and they all run some kind of decent loyalty rewards program. This is where you can earn redeemable frequent player points just by playing on your favourite games in the real money mode.
Benter had achieved something without known precedent: a kind of horse-racing hedge fund, and a quantitative one at that, using probabilistic modeling to beat the market and deliver returns to investors. Probably the only other one of its kind was Woods’s operation, and Benter had written its code base. Their returns kept growing. Woods made $10 million in the 1994-95 season and bought a Rolls-Royce that he never drove. Benter purchased a stake in a French vineyard. It was impossible to keep their success secret, and they both attracted employees and hangers-on, some of whom switched back and forth between the Benter and Woods teams. One was Bob Moore, a manic New Zealander whose passions were cocaine and video analysis. He’d watch footage of past races to identify horses that should have won but were bumped or blocked and prevented from doing so. It worked as a kind of bad-luck adjuster and made the algorithms more effective.

The casino games portfolio is getting bigger and bigger every day. New software providers appear and new games are released. Casinos are not trying to attract customers by old school flash games such as Book of Ra and Lucky Lady Charm by Novomatic anymore. Alternatively, their lists are updated with state-of-the-art 3D, HD and HTML5 real money slots that are compatible with both desktop and mobile devices and work perfectly on different screen sizes. These games sometimes look more like advanced video games than just the simple casino games with primitive graphics. Today, casinos are getting more customer responsive and try to keep up with the times using the most advanced technologies in gameplay and graphics.
As mentioned earlier, the payout rate or RTP is calculated over thousands and thousands of games, working an average of the amount of money bet to the amount of money returned to players as winnings. As such, I was not in a position to manually test and calculate the actual RTP of each and every game offered by each casino, the variance would be too high to give an accurate result. What’s more, the calculation is more complex than simply working out an average, and you need to know the probability of the occurrence of each symbol, which is not divulged by the game manufacturers. The calculation of payout percentages is carried out by regulators, who have analysed the games in detail and verified and approved the results of the games.
I was on Youtube today and someone was comparing the first race of Hidden Scroll to the first race of Justify (both earned 104 BSRs for their first race)......it's still too early to tell but maybe Justify will eventually replace Secretariat as the new Gold Standard for young horses.....how long before a bronze statue of Justify replaces the bronze statue of Secretariat at Belmont Park Race Track?.....the times are a changing that's for sure...
A good record for a sports bettor is any record equal to or larger than 52.4%, because that number or anything higher means you’re not losing money. A 53% winning record, while not impressive on paper, means you’re actually beating the sportsbook and putting money back in your pocket. Ask your friends that play the slots or play online poker how often they end up putting money back in their pocket.
2By2 Gaming 1 Altea Gaming 1 Angle Gaming Labs 1 Arrow's Edge 4 Authentic Gaming 1 Bally 1 Barcrest 1 Betgames 1 Betsoft Gaming 18 Big Time Gaming 1 Blueprint Gaming 1 ELK Studios 2 Evolution Gaming 3 Ezugi 1 Ganapati 1 Genii 2 Grand Vision Gaming (GVG) 1 InBet 1 i-SLOT 1 Just For The Win -JFTW 1 Lightning Box 2 Microgaming 2 NetEnt 2 Nextgen Gaming 1 No limit 1 NYX Gaming Group 2 Patagonia 1 Play'n GO 2 Playson 1 Playtech 1 Pragmatic Play 1 Realistic games 1 Real Time Gaming 21 Red Rake Gaming 1 Rival 16 Saucify 8 SG Interactive 2 SkillOnNet 1 Spinomenal 2 Tain 1 Thunderkick 1 Visionary iGaming 2 Vista Gaming 1 Vivo 5 WGS Technology 2 Williams Interactive 1 Worldmatch 1 Yggdrasil Gaming 2
The eligibility of racers is checked the day before they are raced. Before the race, jockeys weigh out and report to the paddock for instructions by trainers and mount up, the identity of the horses having been checked. Horses and riders proceed to the track in a parade to the post for the stewards’ (race officials’) inspection and a brief warm-up gallop. Horses are almost universally started from electrically operated starting gates, the horses being walked or led into their stalls prior to the start of the race. The starter actuates the upward swing of the barrier from the stalls when all are in place. During the race, stewards and patrol judges are alert for racing violations, supplemented by a motion-picture patrol. The finish is photographed by a special camera, and, when the race is close, the picture is awaited before winners are announced. The race’s result does not become official until the jockeys have weighed in and the riders of horses that finished in the money are certified to have carried the proper weight. At weighing in, a jockey, owner, or trainer may claim foul against a horse that interfered with his mount. The judgment of the stewards may result in a horse being lowered in order of finish from first to last. The stewards declare the race official, and then payoffs are flashed on the totalizator. Postrace urine tests are made of winning horses and a sample of the field, and if results show the presence of forbidden substances, the results may be changed on payment of purses but not on bets.

This kind of deep and detailed inspection allows us to capture those little details – the ones that might make all the difference. From noticing that the pitch might not be conducive to players who like it on the deck, to finding the hidden link that keeps the team ticking is missing, we help to spot the little bits of analysis that determines the outcome of a match indirectly.
The handicapping and odds information (both sports and entertainment) found on SportsBettingDime.com is strictly for entertainment purposes. Furthermore, the unique odds we produce in select news articles are also for amusement, and are not available to be wagered on. We are not a sportsbook and do not take any wagers. We do not endorse illegal online gambling. Before placing any wagers with any of the links advertising betting sites, please check the online gambling regulations in your jurisdiction, as they do vary. SportsBettingDime.com does not target any individuals under the age of 18. Using any of the information found at SportsBettingDime.com to violate any law or statute is prohibited. SportsBettingDime.com is not supported by or linked to any professional, college or university league, association, or team. For further guidelines please visit our responsible online gambling page. Terms & Conditions apply to all bonus offers advertised. Please visit sportsbook operators for details.
The computer-model crowd spent nights in a neighborhood called Wan Chai—a honey pot of gaudy bars and topless dancers that’s been described as “a wildly liberated Las Vegas.” Moore favored Ridgeway’s pool bar, where he’d start fights and boast about his gambling exploits. Woods didn’t drink much, but he enjoyed ecstasy, and he could be found most nights in Neptune II, a neon dungeon full of drunk businessmen and much younger women.
FILE This Nov. 20, 2018 file photo shows a scrolling video board with basketball scores reflected in the ceiling of the new sports book at Resorts Casino in Atlantic City, N.J. The race to legalize sports betting is on now that the U.S. Supreme Court has allowed it in all 50 states, but will it provide enough extra tax revenue to make much of a difference for schools, roads or pension debt? (AP Photo/Wayne Parry)
In order for any operator to provide services to players in Great Britain, they must hold a valid licence issued by the UK Gambling Commission. Needless to say, I only included sites that hold valid licences, and as such are 100% legal. Licensing, therefore, was not part of my rating, as this was absolutely necessary to warrant my consideration. Next, I used 10 criteria covering all aspects of top online casinos, to create a fair and objective test of the operators. Some of these criteria are extra important and involve a lot of details. As such, I have included separate main pages dedicated to some of these topics. In my bonus page, you will find out not only what offers are available at the 10 casinos, but also all relevant details regarding how to get them and any conditions linked to them. I’ve also dedicated a page to live casino. Here you’ll find out what games are available at which casinos, how many tables there are and the betting limits. There is also a main page covering all aspects of casino mobile apps in detail. Finally, I have created a page dedicated to using PayPal at online casinos. The tenth category includes bonus points for interesting aspects of the casinos, that although do not require an individual review, still are important and should not be overlooked.

At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; Springdale Race Course, home of the nationally renowned Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD Bank) Carolina Cup and Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina, is known as one of the tracks where betting is illegal, due to a 1951 law. Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool. In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds. This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time (known as 'taking the price' in the UK). Parimutuel gambling on races also provides not only purse money to participants but considerable tax revenue, with over $100 billion wagered annually in 53 countries.[75]


Muscles are bundles of contractile fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. These bundles have different types of fibers within them, and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers. Type II-b fibers are fast twitch fibers. These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly, resulting in a great deal of power and speed. Type I fibers are slow-twitch fibers. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance. Type II-a fibers are intermediate, representing a balance between the fast-twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers. They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. Type I muscle fibers are adapted for aerobic exercise and rely on the presence of oxygen. Type II muscles are needed for anaerobic exercise because they can function in the absence of oxygen. Thoroughbreds possess more type II-a muscle fibers than Quarter Horses or Arabians. This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance.[28]
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