Benter taught himself advanced statistics and learned to write software on an early PC with a green-and-black screen. Meanwhile, in the fall of 1984, Woods flew to Hong Kong and sent back a stack of yearbooks containing the results of thousands of races. Benter hired two women to key the results into a database by hand so he could spend more time studying regressions and developing code. It took nine months. In September 1985 he flew to Hong Kong with three bulky IBM computers in his checked luggage.
The ownership of racetracks ranges from complete state control, in which case the national government may own the tracks and horses and employ trainers, jockeys, grooms, and other necessary personnel, to complete private enterprise, as in most of the United States, where tracks are privately owned and operated for profit, as are the horses, and trainers and jockeys are independent contractors. In-between conditions include government ownership of tracks and in some cases horses, which are leased, and nonprofit privately owned tracks, as in Australia and the New York Racing Association.

We hope you enjoy our free football predictions. Please remember what times they are posted during the week and weekend so you don’t miss out on any value. Our aim is to provide free predictions every day of the week and to cover your favourite bet types. Whether you love accumulators, both teams to score or correct score betting we have tips for you. Enjoy the games and good luck!
For the punter it is all about the result and the buzz they get from that result when it goes their way. For the professional the process is key ? doing the right things at the right time for the right reasons. The ?buzz? comes from the feeling of knowing that they did everything possible to get the best possible result. This is a mastery approach and unlike a punter a professional trader would not feel satisfied with a winning bet if their process was flawed. I call this approach to performance a focus on ?flawless execution?.
We pride ourselves on having released CasinoRank, the most advanced casinos listing system around. Its complex algorithm considers all of the factors surrounding each casino, then updates the list accordingly on a monthly basis. In addition to basic facts like Flash support, banking versatility and customer service quality, the volume and severity of complaints filed against each casino is also considered. Understandably, CasinoRank considers certain factors more important than others. In essence, it holds the same priorities as the average player.
These of course include industry leaders such as Microgaming, NetEnt and Playtech. Using casino software provided by established industry giants will ensure that the site works, that there is professional support should anything happen and that all the games run seamlessly, on any and all platform, be it on your browser, laptop or even your mobile device.
The only exception to this rule applies to live games. The majority of tables will allow unlimited numbers of players, so if you opt for roulette, baccarat, Three Card Poker or Casino Hold’em, you can enjoy the action right away, no waiting involved. If your game of choice is blackjack, then this is where you may find that you have to queue. A maximum of seven players can join a blackjack table at any one time, so once they fill up, you may have to wait your turn. However, you will often find numerous tables available to play live blackjack at an online casino, so you will generally not have to wait very long. What’s more, there is often the option to bet behind, so even when a table is full, unlimited numbers of players are still able to bet on the game that is taking place.
Benter’s model required his undivided attention. It monitored only about 20 inputs—just a fraction of the infinite factors that influence a horse’s performance, from wind speed to what it ate for breakfast. In pursuit of mathematical perfection, he became convinced that horses raced differently according to temperature, and when he learned that British meteorologists kept an archive of Hong Kong weather data in southwest England, he traveled there by plane and rail. A bemused archivist led him to a dusty library basement, where Benter copied years of figures into his notebook. When he got back to Hong Kong, he entered the data into his computers—and found it had no effect whatsoever on race outcomes. Such was the scientific process.

That failure, however, led to a second period of his career as lucrative as Hong Kong was. He worked with one of his baseball backers to start betting on U.S. horse racing. Parimutuel tracks are scattered around the country, and by the late 1990s it became easier to amass data on a lot of them. The U.S. business took off just as competition began eroding profits in Hong Kong. “There is a golden age for a particular market,” he said, fiddling with a stack of decommissioned casino chips. “When there aren’t many computer players, the guy with the best system can have a huge advantage.”


United States 49 United Kingdom 29 Austria 44 Canada 36 South Africa 38 India 33 Afghanistan 30 Albania 34 Algeria 37 Andorra 46 Angola 38 Antigua and Barbuda 39 Argentina 47 Armenia 34 Australia 25 Azerbaijan 36 Bahamas 47 Bahrain 35 Bangladesh 31 Barbados 47 Belarus 30 Belgium 40 Belize 39 Benin 38 Bermuda 47 Bhutan 33 Bolivia 43 Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 Botswana 38 Brazil 37 Brunei 37 Bulgaria 27 Burkina Faso 37 Burundi 37 Cambodia 36 Cameroon 38 Cape Verde 38 Cayman Islands 42 Central African Republic 37 Chad 36 Chile 45 China 37 Colombia 38 Comoros 37 Congo 37 Cook Islands 46 Costa Rica 27 Cote dIvoire 39 Croatia 37 Cuba 35 Cyprus 39 Czech Republic 33 Denmark 33 Djibouti 37 Dominica 38 Dominican Republic 37 Ecuador 38 Egypt 43 El Salvador 38 Equatorial Guinea 38 Eritrea 37 Estonia 33 Ethiopia 37 Falkland Islands 43 Feroe 41 Fiji 38 Finland 41 France 19 French Polynesia 38 Gabon 38 Gambia, The 37 Georgia 43 Germany 42 Ghana 38 Gibraltar 38 Greece 43 Greenland 43 Grenada 38 Guam 43 Guatemala 38 Guernsey 40 Guinea 39 Guinea Bissau 37 Guyana 36 Haiti 36 Holy See 41 Honduras 38 Hong Kong 46 Hungary 31 Iceland 44 Indonesia 32 Iran 29 Iraq 29 Ireland 40 Isle of Man 34 Italy 39 Jamaica 38 Japan 44 Jersey 35 Jordan 38 Kazakhstan 40 Kenya 38 Kiribati 43 Kuwait 37 Kyrgyzstan 33 Laos 37 Latvia 39 Lebanon 34 Lesotho 38 Liberia 37 Liechtenstein 43 Lithuania 41 Luxembourg 44 Macao 46 Madagascar 45 Malawi 38 Malaysia 41 Maldives 44 Mali 37 Malta 42 Mauritania 37 Mauritius 43 Mexico 42 Moldova 29 Monaco 46 Mongolia 39 Montenegro 41 Montserrat 45 Morocco 37 Mozambique 38 Myanmar 30 Namibia 45 Nauru 37 Nepal 38 Netherlands 25 New Caledonia 45 New Zealand 47 Nicaragua 38 Niger 37 Nigeria 35 Niue 46 Norfolk Island 46 North Korea 33 Norway 43 Oman 37 Pakistan 29 Palau 45 Panama 45 Papua New Guinea 37 Paraguay 43 Peru 43 Philippines 34 Pitcairn Islands 44 Poland 32 Portugal 43 Puerto Rico 43 Qatar 44 Reunion 41 Romania 24 Russia 32 Rwanda 37 San Marino 46 Saudi Arabia 43 Senegal 38 Serbia 41 Seychelles 44 Sierra Leone 35 Singapore 42 Slovakia 41 Slovenia 40 Solomon Islands 44 Somalia 34 South Korea 45 Spain 37 Sri Lanka 38 Sudan 34 Suriname 44 Swaziland 38 Sweden 35 Switzerland 44 Syria 30 Taiwan 46 Tajikistan 35 Tanzania 38 Thailand 45 Timor-Leste 38 Togo 38 Tokelau 46 Tonga 45 Trinidad and Tobago 45 Tunisia 45 Turkey 40 Turkmenistan 33 Uganda 37 Ukraine 39 United Arab Emirates 43 Uruguay 47 Uzbekistan 43 Vanuatu 42 Venezuela 42 Vietnam 45 Virgin islands 40 Western Sahara 37 Yemen 37 Zambia 38 Zimbabwe 35 Congo, Democratic Republic 37 French Guiana 35 Guadeloupe 32 Israel 18 Martinique 40 Tuvalu 37 Mayotte 41 Libya 33 South Sudan 35 Curaçao 39

The closed casinos reviewed in this section all once were US-facing online casinos. Six of these casinos were owned by NetAd Management and the Affactive Group affiliate program, while the other four casinos were owned by Milore Limited and the Revenue Jet affiliate program. The owners of all ten sites, Ziv Orenstein and Gery Shalon, were arrested for the JPMorgan-Chase cyber-attack of 2014, so all 10 online casinos were closed. These were considered rogue casinos before they closed, which is why readers should read warnings about sites before depositing money there.


Bill Walters used to be a professional poker player before using his skills as a professional sports punter instead. Over nearly four decades, Walters has bet more money than anyone else in history and continued a winning streak that has earned him hundreds of millions of dollars. He’s living proof that sport betting is a game of skill. Like poker, Walters explains that winning sports punters have to analyze information then calculate risk and potential profits. In an interview with CBS News, Walters described his biggest and most audacious bet of all time. The New Orleans Saints were playing the Indianapolis Colts at the Super Bowl in 2010 and the consensus was that New Orleans were the underdogs. Walters analyzed all the information he had and discovered that it actually favored New Orleans as the most likely winners. He looked at the odds, calculated the risk and potential profit then decided to bet big. Walters bet $3.5 million on the supposed underdogs and New Orleans didn’t let him down. They defeated the colts 31–17 to win their first ever Super Bowl.
A closed casino no longer accepts new registrants or supports online gambling. Sometimes a closed casino has had its domain seized by a regulator, due to a criminal investigation. Other times, the online casino isn’t profitable or has its player database bought by a competitor. If a criminal investigation causes a casino’s closure, accounts might be frozen or confiscated. Closed sites usually try to pay out their customers and affiliates, but that is not always the case when their assets are seized.

When you are playing real money slots in the online casino, you need to choose the most convenient way to transfer your money. Today there are dozens of different payment systems and different currencies accepted in the gambling industry. Some of them are more popular and convenient, some of them are not used by many casinos yet but each of them has its own fans. Here we’ve got the list of the most famous payment systems that you can choose from.


A good record for a sports bettor is any record equal to or larger than 52.4%, because that number or anything higher means you’re not losing money. A 53% winning record, while not impressive on paper, means you’re actually beating the sportsbook and putting money back in your pocket. Ask your friends that play the slots or play online poker how often they end up putting money back in their pocket.
You plan on betting on 160 games during your investment period. You dream of a 55% winning record because your win-loss with a 55% winning record would give you an 88-72 record. That’s an expected profit of +8.8 units. How did we get to that number? To calculate your units, subtract the total of your losses (multiplied by 1.1 to include the vig) from your wins and you’ll get your unit profit.
CasinoTop10's team of players-turned-experts have gone to great lengths to ensure that each and every casino found on the site is of the highest quality. Of course, this is not only limited to casinos made for desktop but also includes the likes of Mobile Casino too. We have personally reviewed them all and we know that, should we ever choose to play online casino games we’d definitely give playing at one of the casinos in our list of Best Online Casinos a shot! If you find yourself interested in gambling online, we highly urge you to read a few of our comprehensive online casino reviews on the site before making your decision to sign up. We wouldn’t settle for anything but the best and we have made sure that you won’t have to either.

Due to the nature of how we select the tips using our unique football ratings, the comments would almost certainly be very similar for each match. Just remember that a football tipster can babble on for hours about why and how they're going to win, but often they're wrong yet get lucky with the result. You will find more detailed football tips on our forum which has over 100,000 tipsters.
Horse racing in India is over 200 years old, making India quite possibly the oldest racing jurisdiction in Asia where racing was conducted under rules.[citation needed] India's first racecourse was set up in Madras in 1777. Today India has a very well established racing and breeding industry, and the sport is conducted on nine racetracks by seven racing authorities.
We never stop our work in finding, checking and listing the new online casinos, gambling games, and special promotions. All of them comply with the regulations mentioned above and we never add a single casino without carrying out the deep research. Once you start your way into the gambling world, you will see that there are dozens of online casinos on the Internet and most of them look cool and safe. To be absolutely sure that the casino is a good one, don’t forget to read the online casino reviews on our website and wherever else you can find them. We also have our own pages in all the popular social media and we do this not only to tell you more about real money slots and casinos but also to answer all the questions you may have. Don’t hesitate to ask — we are always here for you open for conversation.

INDEX can be interpreted as twice the amount of predicted goal diference between home and away goal scores. With the plus sign in favour of home team, with minus sign in favour of away team. E.g. INDEX -4,0 means that our software predicts win of the away team for 2 goals, INDEX +3,0 means that our software predicts win of the home team for 1,5 goals.
To be registered as a Thoroughbred, a foal must be the product of a “live cover,” meaning a witnessed natural mating of a stallion and a mare. Though artificial insemination and embryo transfer are possible and common in other horse breeds, it is banned with Thoroughbreds. The population of the breed is thereby controlled, assuring a high monetary value for the horses in the process. Because each foal is assigned an official birth date of January 1, to facilitate the age groups that define Thoroughbred races, it is important that mares foal as early as possible in the calendar year. This assures maximum development time for the foal before training and racing.
Charles II (reigned 1660–85) became known as “the father of the English turf” and inaugurated the King’s Plates, races for which prizes were awarded to the winners. His articles for these races were the earliest national racing rules. The horses raced were six years old and carried 168 pounds (76 kg), and the winner was the first to win two 4-mile (6.4-km) heats. The patronage of Charles II established Newmarket as the headquarters of English racing.
As mentioned earlier, the payout rate or RTP is calculated over thousands and thousands of games, working an average of the amount of money bet to the amount of money returned to players as winnings. As such, I was not in a position to manually test and calculate the actual RTP of each and every game offered by each casino, the variance would be too high to give an accurate result. What’s more, the calculation is more complex than simply working out an average, and you need to know the probability of the occurrence of each symbol, which is not divulged by the game manufacturers. The calculation of payout percentages is carried out by regulators, who have analysed the games in detail and verified and approved the results of the games.
David has been playing casino games for over 10 years. His speciality is blackjack and baccarat and, although he has never had the success that the MIT Blackjack team had, he does enjoy passing on his accumulated wisdom regarding strategy and odds. He now spends most of his time in online casinos, as he prefers to play games from the comfort of his home.
In Argentina the sport is known as turf. Some of the most famous racers are Irineo Leguisamo, Vilmar Sanguinetti, Marina Lezcano, Jorge Valdivieso, Pablo Falero and Jorge Ricardo. The Carlos Gardel's tango Por una cabeza is about horse racing, sport of which he was a known fan. Gardel was a good friend of Irineo Leguisamo, who is the most recognized Argentine jockey.
Between races, Benter struggled to make his algorithms stay ahead of a statistical phenomenon called gambler’s ruin. It holds that if a player with limited funds keeps betting against an opponent with unlimited funds (that is, a casino, or the betting population of Hong Kong), he will eventually go broke, even if the game is fair. All lucky streaks come to an end, and losing runs are fatal.
All of our best online casino review sites picks have been carefully selected which means that you won’t ever find a rubbish casino. We only ever review the best of the best. You can count on a great experience each time you visit one of these casinos. They have some massive jackpots up for grabs and they all run some kind of decent loyalty rewards program. This is where you can earn redeemable frequent player points just by playing on your favourite games in the real money mode.
As mentioned earlier, the payout rate or RTP is calculated over thousands and thousands of games, working an average of the amount of money bet to the amount of money returned to players as winnings. As such, I was not in a position to manually test and calculate the actual RTP of each and every game offered by each casino, the variance would be too high to give an accurate result. What’s more, the calculation is more complex than simply working out an average, and you need to know the probability of the occurrence of each symbol, which is not divulged by the game manufacturers. The calculation of payout percentages is carried out by regulators, who have analysed the games in detail and verified and approved the results of the games.
The bonuses that tend to have the most restrictions are no deposit bonuses, especially when used as a form of a welcome bonus. Because the bonus funds are accessible to anyone who opens an account, a casino will typically exercise a particularly high amount of verification and regulation of a no deposit bonus. Although there are some exceptions, the vast majority of online casinos set wagering requirements for no deposit bonuses to be significantly higher than that of their match deposit bonus counterparts. They will also almost always restrict the maximum amount of money that can be withdrawn from the bonus upon meeting the playthrough, often to 5x or 10x the bonus value.
Competitive endurance riding commenced in Australia in 1966, when the Tom Quilty Gold Cup was first held in the Hawkesbury district, near Sydney, New South Wales. The Quilty Cup is considered the National endurance ride and there are now over 100 endurance events contested across Australia, ranging in distances from 80 km to 400 km.[47] The world's longest endurance ride is the Shahzada 400 km Memorial Test which is conducted over five days travelling 80 kilometres a day at St Albans on the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales. In all endurance events there are rigorous vet checks, conducted before, during and after the competition, in which the horses' welfare is of the utmost concern.[48]
Not wishing to blow this chance of a windfall – those stats you read about how little the average author earns are bang on – I placed the bet on what I thought was a cert: my team, Aston Villa, of the Premier League, to beat Blackpool, then in meltdown in the division below, in the FA Cup at odds of 4/9. Typical Villa left it late, nabbing the winner in the 88th minute. But a win’s a win.

The current world of online casinos has been called a “bonus culture”. Bonuses are the primary way by which casinos compete with one another. The most popular form of a bonus is a percentage match on a player’s first deposit, often called a “welcome bonus”. A player who takes a 100% match bonus on a €100 deposit, for instance, will begin with a bankroll of €200.
The earliest American racecourses were typically straight quarter-mile sprints. For these short distances, American jockeys developed a style of riding involving a short stirrup and a crouching posture—this “American seat” eventually became standard worldwide for all distances. As longer, elliptical racetracks were built in New York and throughout the South, a greater onus was placed on jockeys to pace their horses. Because Thoroughbred horses are capable of running only about a quarter of a mile at top speed, determining what pace to set and when to unleash this burst of speed is crucial to winning. The American jockey Isaac Murphy was famous in the 1880s and ’90s for his “grandstand finishes.”
travel_vic · On the old show Who Wants to be a Millionaire, one contestant tapped out when the question was asked with 4 options: Who was on the cover of Newsweek, Time and Sports Illustrated all the same week and the options were Muhammad Ali, Mickey Mantle, I think a tennis champion and Big Red...The contestant had no idea and guessed wrong. · 3 hours ago
Another way casinos provide players a safe and secure environment is by adhering to all laws established by the government where the casino is registered. Players should only participate in an online casino if they are of age to gamble. Also, players need to be sure gaming legal in their country. Each casino should have all of this information available on their website. This is also addressed in each casino review found on this site.

France has a major horse racing industry. It is home to the famous Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe held at Longchamp Racecourse, the richest race in Europe and the second richest turf race in the world after the Japan Cup, with a prize of 4 million Euros (approximately US$5.2 million). Other major races include the Grand Prix de Paris, the Prix du Jockey Club (the French Derby) and the Prix de Diane. Besides Longchamp, France's other premier flat racecourses include Chantilly and Deauville. There is also a smaller but nevertheless important jumps racing sector, with Auteil Racecourse being the most well known. The sport's governing body is France Galop.

×