Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. Equestrian sports provided entertainment for crowds and displayed the excellent horsemanship needed in battle. Horse racing of all types evolved from impromptu competitions between riders or drivers. The various forms of competition, requiring demanding and specialized skills from both horse and rider, resulted in the systematic development of specialized breeds and equipment for each sport. The popularity of equestrian sports through the centuries has resulted in the preservation of skills that would otherwise have disappeared after horses stopped being used in combat.[8]
Benter had achieved something without known precedent: a kind of horse-racing hedge fund, and a quantitative one at that, using probabilistic modeling to beat the market and deliver returns to investors. Probably the only other one of its kind was Woods’s operation, and Benter had written its code base. Their returns kept growing. Woods made $10 million in the 1994-95 season and bought a Rolls-Royce that he never drove. Benter purchased a stake in a French vineyard. It was impossible to keep their success secret, and they both attracted employees and hangers-on, some of whom switched back and forth between the Benter and Woods teams. One was Bob Moore, a manic New Zealander whose passions were cocaine and video analysis. He’d watch footage of past races to identify horses that should have won but were bumped or blocked and prevented from doing so. It worked as a kind of bad-luck adjuster and made the algorithms more effective.
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Benter’s solution to the phone ban was time-consuming and required him to manage teams of runners, who risked being robbed. But it was almost as profitable as his old arrangement. The club continued to exchange his cash vouchers for checks, and no one came to shut him down. Woods kept betting in a slightly different manner, sending members of an extended roster of Philippine girlfriends directly to the racetrack with bags full of cash.
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He went to the Gambler’s Book Club, a Vegas institution, and bought everything he could find on horses. There were lots of “systems” promising incredible results, but to him they seemed flimsy, written by journalists and amateur handicappers. Few contained real math. Benter wanted something more rigorous, so he went to the library at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas, which kept a special collection on gaming. Buried in stacks of periodicals and manuscripts, he found what he was looking for—an academic paper titled “Searching for Positive Returns at the Track: A Multinomial Logit Model for Handicapping Horse Races.” Benter sat down to read it, and when he was done he read it again.
The training of racehorses, simply expressed, is maintaining a horse in the best condition to run. Exercise and feeding programs and knowledge of the individual horse are factors involved. A good trainer selects a jockey who suits the horse and, perhaps more important, enters the horse in suitable races. A trainer of a horse for a classic race not only must develop the horse into peak condition but must time the development so that the horse reaches its peak on a certain day, which is the most difficult art of all.
The guiding principle for breeding winning racehorses has always been best expressed as “breed the best to the best and hope for the best.” The performance of a breeding horse’s progeny is the real test, but, for horses untried at stud, the qualifications are pedigree, racing ability, and physical conformation. What breeders learned early in the history of horse racing is that crossing bloodlines can potentially overcome flaws in horses. If, for example, one breed is known for stamina and another known for speed, interbreeding the two might result in a healthy mix of both qualities in their offspring.
Don’t like the number offered by the point spread or the over/under? Change it. Bookmakers offer the opportunity to increase or lessen the odds, called “teasing” it, by a particular number, usually about 6 points, though other amounts are available. It must be applied to combined wagers on two or more games, or at least two bets on the same game. For instance, if the New York Giants are favored by 3 points over the Washington Redskins, and the Los Angeles Chargers are favored over the Baltimore Ravens by 2 points, a gambler using a 6-point teaser can lower the line on the Giants game to have the Giants as a 3-point underdog instead of a 3-point favorite (getting 3 points instead of giving 3), and the Chargers as a 4-point underdog instead of a 2-point favorite (getting 4 points instead of giving 2). Lines can be adjusted upward or downward, and they can involve multiple games. In a single game, a bettor can lower or increase the point spread and the under/over total on the same game.
Woods was used to being the senior partner in gambling teams and getting his way. He never lost his temper, but his mind, once set, was like granite. Benter was also unwilling to budge. Their alliance was over. In a fit of pique, Benter wrote a line of code into the software that would stop it from functioning after a given date—a digital time bomb—even though he knew it would be trivial for Woods to find and fix it later. Woods would keep betting algorithmically on horses, Benter was sure of that. He resolved that he would, too.
Future Stars Friday at the Breeders' Cup - Friday had 5 races for the Juveniles on both dirt and turf, headlined by the Sentient Jet Breeders' Cup Juvenile (G1) won by favorite Game Winner. Also on the card, Line of Duty won the Juvenile Turf (G1), Jaywalk won the Juvenile Fillies (G1), Newspaperofrecord won the Juvenile Fillies Turf (G1), and Bulletin won the inaugural Juvenile Turf Sprint. Get the results, charts, and photos here. More photos: Juvenile  -  Juvenile Turf  -  Juvenile Fillies  -  Juvenile Fillies Turf  -  Juvenile Turf Sprint

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The beginning of the modern era of racing is generally considered to have been the inauguration of the English classic races: the St. Leger in 1776, the Oaks in 1779, and the Derby in 1780. All were dashes for three-year-olds. To these races were later added the Two Thousand Guineas in 1809 and the One Thousand Guineas in 1814. (The St. Leger, Derby, and Two Thousand Guineas have come to constitute the British Triple Crown of horse racing.) During the 19th century, races of the English classic pattern—dashes for three-year-olds carrying level weights—spread all over the world. The French classics are the Prix du Jockey Club (1836), the Grand Prix du Paris (1863), and the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe (1920).
What sporting events can you follow at Hot Tips? Football is the most popular sport in the world. The number of football tips posted each day reflects this. Our tipsters follow the most famous of football leagues. Leagues such as the Premier League and Champions League. But you will also find tips for a wide number of other leagues and tournaments.
Never can you get closer to the experience of playing in a real land based casino from the comfort of your own home, than by playing live dealer games. Live casino games have been around for a while now, having first become available way back in 2002. But as you can imagine, the quality of the streaming and the overall gaming experience left a lot to be desired back when they were first launched. With the vast improvements in technology over the past 13 years, live casino games are now slick and high quality, where you can chat to the croupiers and really immerse yourself in the casino environment. The topic of live casino games will be discussed in more detail on a dedicated page.
In essence, our team is of the philosophy that all gamblers should be treated equally. Everyone wants to play at a trusted site, and preferably one that has been in operation for at least a couple of years. To ensure that you end up at a site with good reputation, all the sites that we promote on CasinoTop10 are safe and secure – and have been live and in operation for over a number of years.
The long-standing reciprocity among studbooks of various countries was broken in 1913 by the Jersey Act passed by the English Jockey Club, which disqualified many Thoroughbred horses bred outside England or Ireland. The purpose of the act was ostensibly to protect the British Thoroughbred from infusions of North American (mainly U.S.) sprinting blood. After a rash of victories in prestigious English races by French horses with “tainted” American ancestry in the 1940s, the Jersey Act was rescinded in 1949.
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Hong Kong racing uses a parimutuel (also known as “totalizer”) system. Unlike odds in a Vegas sportsbook, which are set in advance and give a decisive edge to the house, parimutuel odds are updated fluidly, in proportion to how bettors wager. Winners split the pool, and the house skims a commission of about 17 percent. (After costs, the Jockey Club’s take goes to charity and the state, providing as much as a tenth of Hong Kong’s tax revenue.) To make money, Benter would have to do more than pick winners: He needed to make bets with a profit margin greater than the club’s 17 percent cut.
Horse racing in India is over 200 years old, making India quite possibly the oldest racing jurisdiction in Asia where racing was conducted under rules.[citation needed] India's first racecourse was set up in Madras in 1777. Today India has a very well established racing and breeding industry, and the sport is conducted on nine racetracks by seven racing authorities.
When a bookie sets odds for games, he will build what bookies call an “over round” into his set of odds. Another slang term used for this formula is “the juice.” For the sake of simplicity, let’s look at a boxing match where both contenders are equally talented, of equal stature, etc. Since they both have an equal chance of winning, a casual bet may be even money. You put $20 on one guy; your friend puts $20 on the other. Whichever fighter wins awards the bettor with the total of $40.
The same historical progression was followed for wagers, with the bets in early (two-horse) races being simply to win and modern bets being placed on the first three horses (win, place, and show). From private bets, wagering was extended in the 19th century to bookmaking (a bookmaker is a professional bet accepter who tries to set his odds so that a percentage is working in his favour). Later in that century, betting was taken over worldwide by the racetrack managements in the form of the pari-mutuel. This is a common betting pool in which those who bet horses finishing in the first three places share the total amount bet minus a percentage for the management. The pari-mutuel was perfected with the introduction in the 20th century of the totalizator, a machine that mechanically records bets and can provide an almost instant reflection of betting in all pools. It displays the approximate odds to win on each horse and the total amount of wagering on each horse in each of various betting pools. The customary pools are win, place, and show, and there are such specialty wagers as the daily double (winners of the first two races), perfecta (win and place winners in order in one race), quiniela (as in the perfecta but not in order), and trifecta (win, place, and show winners in order in one race). Other specialty wagers, sometimes offering extremely high payouts, require the bettor to select multiple trifectas, the winners of several races, or the first four horses in one race.
The training of racehorses, simply expressed, is maintaining a horse in the best condition to run. Exercise and feeding programs and knowledge of the individual horse are factors involved. A good trainer selects a jockey who suits the horse and, perhaps more important, enters the horse in suitable races. A trainer of a horse for a classic race not only must develop the horse into peak condition but must time the development so that the horse reaches its peak on a certain day, which is the most difficult art of all.

There are about a dozen different casino software developers with respectful reputations and products, and the majority of the time casinos will have games by several different developers. This section gives players examples of what kinds of graphics to expect in the casino. Microgaming, Net Ent, BetSoft, Playtech and Realtime Gaming are some of the most well-known in online casinos. More specifically, the casinos that have made our top ten list feature games from at least one of these developers. Just like some players tend to play the same games over and over, some others stick to playing games by a particular software developer.
Did you know that online casinos need to be licensed and regulated in order to operate in different markets? Well, if you’re totally new to the online casino world, this might come as a total surprise to you but it is indeed the reality. Whilst online gambling in Europe is legal in the majority of countries, online gambling isn’t legal in all states in America. And online gambling in States where it is highly regulated. So always be sure to read up on where the online casino operates from first. 
The world’s biggest known accumulator win came in March 2011 in the UK, when plumbing engineer Steve Whiteley managed to win a staggering £1.45 million from a noble £2 bet. Whiteley, from Tawton in Devon, selected six winners on the Exeter Tote Jackpot from a choice of horse race meets across the UK and Ireland. His accumulator consisted of Semicolon (2/1), Black Phantom (12/1), Ammunition (16/1), Mr Bennett (16/1), Lundy Sky (5/1), and Lupita (12/1).
I looked at how I assessed the website and software previously on this page, yet there is one factor missing there – the minimum requirements. I included not only hardware requirements but also any software specifications, such as compatible browsers and plugins needed. The majority of the operators listed this info on their sites, and as such, I used this to provide the technical specifications within each casino review. Where this info was lacking from a site, I tried to test the minimum requirements using my own equipment. This did prove challenging, though, as very old equipment is required to match the lowest of requirements. In these cases, I ultimately provided details of the minimum hardware and software requirements I was actually able to confirm with my equipment.
Benter’s solution to the phone ban was time-consuming and required him to manage teams of runners, who risked being robbed. But it was almost as profitable as his old arrangement. The club continued to exchange his cash vouchers for checks, and no one came to shut him down. Woods kept betting in a slightly different manner, sending members of an extended roster of Philippine girlfriends directly to the racetrack with bags full of cash.
Betting on sports games is a hobby for many, and most people just consider it to be a fun and friendly past time. But there are ways to consistently make money on sports betting, and the tricks are understanding betting strategy and the different types of bets you can make, understanding the odds, making smart bets, and walking away from bad bets. It’s also important to remember that making money on sports betting is something that requires time and dedication: it’s not about making a single huge bet and winning lots of money in one shot. Instead, it’s all about making a series of small, smart bets that add up over the season to an overall gain.
All of the best rated online casinos that we have reviewed for you on this site come highly recommended. They have all obtained a license from a trusted authority which is based in a reputable online gaming licensing jurisdiction. All of our top-rated US online casinos are closely monitored by these authorities and the software used at these casinos is frequently tested by independent auditors.
Looking for NFL consensus data on how Vegas is betting each game or NCAA football power rankings to help with your handicapping? It’s all here. And coming soon are line move histories, halftime odds and more tutorials on how to read – and beat – the NFL point spread. In addition to more sports betting odds, there will be faster, live odds from more sportsbooks (along with more in-depth reviews of the best online sportsbooks), charts detailing how NFL OVER/UNDERs have moved during the week, and improved sports database functionality for all sports (including MMA and tennis).

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Notable racehorses from New Zealand include Cardigan Bay, Carbine, Nightmarch, Sunline, Desert Gold and Rising Fast.[51][52] Phar Lap and Tulloch were both bred in New Zealand but did not race there. The most famous of these is probably Cardigan Bay. Stanley Dancer drove the New Zealand bred horse, Cardigan Bay to win $1 million in stakes in 1968, the first harness horse to surpass that milestone in American history.[53]
This kind of deep and detailed inspection allows us to capture those little details – the ones that might make all the difference. From noticing that the pitch might not be conducive to players who like it on the deck, to finding the hidden link that keeps the team ticking is missing, we help to spot the little bits of analysis that determines the outcome of a match indirectly.
Understanding sports betting odds is critical to becoming a successful sports bettor or even to give yourself a better chance at winning pick’em pools and other contests. How is the betting line set? Who sets it? Why do lines move during the week on the NFL odds list? So whether you are betting the point spread, futures or pucklines, learning about a sport’s odds should be one of your first focuses. And OddsShark is the place to research everything to do with sports odds and live lines. Click around and improve your chances of beating the point spread!
There are also futures bets, which are wagers on things that won’t happen for a while. You can bet on the winner of a particular sport’s championship before the season starts or at any point during the season and predict whether a team will win more or less than a predetermined number of games. Similarly, you can also gamble on who will be voted most valuable player in the NFL or Major League Baseball.
Midnight Bisou wins the Cotillion Stakes (G1) in a disqualification - Again at Parx, Monomoy Girl finished first by a neck over Midnight Bisou in the Cotillion (G1), but was disqualified to 2nd for interference in the stretch. Also on the card, Aztec Sense won the PA Derby Champion Stakes and Fast and Accurate won the Alphabet Soup Stakes. Get the results, chart, and photos here.
The most popular types of new player bonuses are first deposit bonuses centered around matching your initial deposit up to a certain amount. But new players aren't the only audience online casinos reach out to; returning and loyal players can also benefit from generous promotions as well as VIP and Loyalty Schemes, which provide ample reward to players who consistently play at the same site.
Horse racing was once again the sport of choice for one anonymous punter who secured an £823,000 win from a £19 accumulator bet. The odds were high but the larger bet stake allowed the individual to win such a high amount. The lucky winner was from the UK county of Leicestershire and bet on a 5-fold from a selection of horse racing meets back in April of this year. The bet remains the largest ever win paid out by bookmaker Coral.
For the most part, avoid teasers, parlays, and future betting. The same goes for betting in running. These markets do not offer much value, unless you use line shopping or other tactics to scout out a good value. Bookies are too smart and will simply chew you up with the juice over time. The juice is simply too high for teasers, parlays, futures, and live betting for the vast majority of bettors.
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Many. For example - is there any of the teams good players injured or suspended ? Is there any good players back from suspension or injury ? Playing against ex-players or manager. Distances to travel, extent of travelling support. Need to win factor such as promotion, relegation, etc... Is it late season and the team close to the 1st positron, close to the cup positions, or close to relegation (which means they will fight for every point).
Did you know that online casinos need to be licensed and regulated in order to operate in different markets? Well, if you’re totally new to the online casino world, this might come as a total surprise to you but it is indeed the reality. Whilst online gambling in Europe is legal in the majority of countries, online gambling isn’t legal in all states in America. And online gambling in States where it is highly regulated. So always be sure to read up on where the online casino operates from first. 
Expected value is a term professional gamblers use on a regular basis. To explain what it means in simple terms I’ll use an example. Let’s say me and you decided to have a coin flipping contest. We flip coins and you give me $1 for each outcome of heads; I give you $1 for each outcome of tails. We could flip coins for all eternity and neither of us will ever have an advantage because on average half the time we lose $1 half the time we win $1. While there will be swings back and forth, as long as we flip the coin enough times eventually we’ll both break even. This particular bet has neutral expected value.
I looked at how I assessed the website and software previously on this page, yet there is one factor missing there – the minimum requirements. I included not only hardware requirements but also any software specifications, such as compatible browsers and plugins needed. The majority of the operators listed this info on their sites, and as such, I used this to provide the technical specifications within each casino review. Where this info was lacking from a site, I tried to test the minimum requirements using my own equipment. This did prove challenging, though, as very old equipment is required to match the lowest of requirements. In these cases, I ultimately provided details of the minimum hardware and software requirements I was actually able to confirm with my equipment.
So maybe you’re wondering how I arrived at my results? Well, the majority of sites list the theoretical return-to-player percentage in the rules of each individual game. I analysed these figures and compiled the range of the RTP for each individual game within each given category. This was not a simple case of picking out the lowest figure and the highest figure, as this could be rather misleading. Take for example slots. When analysing the returns for over 200 games, I could see RTP ranging from 80% – 99%. Yet if there are just one or two games below 90%, and more than three quarters with an RTP above 95%, then it gives a clearer, more accurate overview by discounting these one or two games from the results and adjusting the RTP range accordingly.
Preakness Undercard Stakes Results - There were 7 other stakes on Preakness day but because of the rain only one of the turf races, the Gallorette (G3) won by Ultra Brat, stayed on the grass. The Dixie Stakes (G3) was won by Fire Away on the dirt and the Maryland Sprint Stakes (G3) won by Switzerland. Get the results, charts, and photos for all 7 races here.
26 year old Tayla Polia placed an outrageous 15-team parlay on a selection of NFL games at odds of 20,000/1. Her bet included Vikings -5, Falcons +3, Texans +1, Chiefs -8, Redskins +1, Patriots -14, Cardinals -4, Giants +5, Seahawks -14, Packers -3, Chargers -2, Steelers -6, Steelers/ Broncos over 45, Bengals -4, and Lions +3. She guessed them all correctly and won $100,0000. It might not be the biggest win in terms of money but it certainly is one of the biggest in terms of sheer guts judging by the selections made.
After you’ve opened your account you’ll be listed in the online casino’s database of information, which the company will usually use in order to send you information about promotions, bonuses, and news. In most cases, your data is kept private; however, you might find casinos which will resell your information to other companies. Thus, you should always remember to read an online casino’s terms and conditions page in order to find out if the casino you’ve chosen will, in fact, keep the information that you’ve provided for their exclusive use only.
First of all, the potential downside with this approach to sports betting is that bookmakers change their terms and conditions. If you employ this method, ensure that you check the terms and conditions first. People have lost money over time when the bookmaker has changed their terms after somebody has started to bonus bag the offer. Nobody wants that to happen.
Belmont Undercard Stakes Results - There were nine other stakes on the 2018 Belmont undercard, including the Manhattan Handicap (G1), Just a Game Stakes (G1), Metropolitan Handicap (G1), Acorn Stakes (G1), and Ogden Phipps Stakes (G1) won by Spring Quality, A Raving Beauty, Bee Jersey, Monomoy Girl, and Abel Tasman. Get the results, charts, and photos for all nine here.
Horse racing in Australia was founded during the early years of settlement and the industry has grown to be among the top three leading Thoroughbred racing nations of the world.[43] The world-famous Melbourne Cup, the race that stops a nation, has recently attracted many international entries. In country racing, records indicate that Goulburn commenced racing in 1834.[44] Australia's first country racing club was established at Wallabadah in 1852 and the Wallabadah Cup is still held on New Year's Day (the current racecourse was built in 1898).[45]
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