Horse racing is a significant part of the New Zealand economy which in 2004 generated 1.3% of the GDP. The indirect impact of expenditures on racing was estimated to have generated more than $1.4 billion in economic activity in 2004 and created 18,300 full-time equivalent jobs. More than 40,000 people were involved in some capacity in the New Zealand racing industry in 2004. In 2004, more than one million people attended race meetings in New Zealand.[49] There are 69 Thoroughbred and 51 harness clubs licensed in New Zealand. Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand.
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FILE This Nov. 20, 2018 file photo shows a scrolling video board with basketball scores reflected in the ceiling of the new sports book at Resorts Casino in Atlantic City, N.J. The race to legalize sports betting is on now that the U.S. Supreme Court has allowed it in all 50 states, but will it provide enough extra tax revenue to make much of a difference for schools, roads or pension debt? (AP Photo/Wayne Parry)
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Overall, there is a good level of customer service provided by all of the operators. All provide live chat 24/7, and with the exception of InterCasino, support is also available by phone round the clock. It’s worth noting however that calls to Mr Green and Betfair will be charged at standard UK rate, where as the other casinos provide their phone service free of charge. Email queries were responded to within 24 hours by all operators, with 888casino leading the way with the fastest replies to my questions. All the operators also provided an additional customer support channel, from on site contact forms, to Skype.

Many people feel that there is only one winner in betting and that is the bookie. This is the common perception and amongst those who choose to continue to bet at the bookies without structure or discipline it is probably the case, however since the advent of sports spread betting and the betting exchanges in particular the betting landscape has changed dramatically, the balance of power has shifted, and with it so have the opportunities for profitability and success. The bookies key advantages of the overround and the ability to lay have both been removed by the betting exchanges and the availability and accessibility of information and data has significantly increased to give you an extra edge.
The club had come to see the syndicates’ success as a headache. There was no law against what they were doing, but in a parimutuel gambling system, every dollar they won was a dollar lost by someone else. If the everyday punters at Happy Valley and Sha Tin ever found out that foreign computer nerds were siphoning millions from the pools, they might stop playing entirely.
Afterward—it was probably 1984—Benter, Woods, and some of their partners earned a place in the Griffin Book, a blacklist that a detective agency circulated to casinos. On top of the indignity of having their mug shots next to hustlers and pickpockets, the notoriety made it almost impossible for them to keep playing in Vegas. They needed to find another game.
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During the late 1920s and the ’30s racetracks became an important source of tax revenue, and by the second half of the 20th century horse racing had become big business. Fields regularly numbered a dozen or more. Once race meetings lasted a day or two, later a week or two, and today, particularly where climate allows, races may be scheduled for half the year or more. More racing dates require more horses, and horses are raced more intensively. Purses grew, particularly after World War II. In 1981 a new American race, the Arlington Million (run at Arlington Park in Arlington Heights, Illinois, outside of Chicago), was the first million-dollar race. Purses routinely topped this amount in the 21st century, growing to greater than $10 million for certain high-profile races.
Racingdudes.com is the destination site for all things horse racing. In addition to free win selections offered to nearly every track running in the country, we also offer articles, breaking news, track reports, betting tips, exclusive photos, handicapping products and our weekly podcast, Blinkers Off. Made by horse racing fans, for horse racing fans, we like to pride ourselves on giving horseplayers and fans of all skill levels content that is valuable.
Muscles are bundles of contractile fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. These bundles have different types of fibers within them, and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers. Type II-b fibers are fast twitch fibers. These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly, resulting in a great deal of power and speed. Type I fibers are slow-twitch fibers. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance. Type II-a fibers are intermediate, representing a balance between the fast-twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers. They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. Type I muscle fibers are adapted for aerobic exercise and rely on the presence of oxygen. Type II muscles are needed for anaerobic exercise because they can function in the absence of oxygen. Thoroughbreds possess more type II-a muscle fibers than Quarter Horses or Arabians. This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance.[28]

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At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; Springdale Race Course, home of the nationally renowned Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD Bank) Carolina Cup and Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina, is known as one of the tracks where betting is illegal, due to a 1951 law. Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool. In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds. This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time (known as 'taking the price' in the UK). Parimutuel gambling on races also provides not only purse money to participants but considerable tax revenue, with over $100 billion wagered annually in 53 countries.[75]
Many of the biggest players in sports betting can trace a lineage directly to the Benter-Woods axis. For example, the Australian press has called Zeljko Ranogajec “the world’s biggest punter.” Today he runs a global algorithmic gambling empire, but he began his career in Las Vegas counting cards with Benter and Woods, then followed them to Hong Kong. During a rare interview in London, Ranogajec said, “A substantial portion of our success is attributable to the pioneering work done by Benter.”

The paper argued that a horse’s success or failure was the result of factors that could be quantified probabilistically. Take variables—straight-line speed, size, winning record, the skill of the jockey—weight them, and presto! Out comes a prediction of the horse’s chances. More variables, better variables, and finer weightings improve the predictions. The authors weren’t sure it was possible to make money using the strategy and, being mostly interested in statistical models, didn’t try hard to find out. “There appears to be room for some optimism,” they concluded.
Reliable and helpful customer support is an important consideration when assessing a casino. You need to know that help is available should you ever need it. It should also be available through various options, including phone, preferably free of charge, email and probably the most convenient option, live chat. It is also a plus if the customer support is available round the clock, so there is always help on hand whenever you need it. If you prefer to contact customer service by email, then it’s also helpful to know how long it generally takes to get a reply.
There are a variety of markets that our tipsters post their predictions for. There can be greater value found in more exotic markets. Our bettingexpert members cater for those of you looking for inspiration in this area. Our hot tips can include Set Score and Total Points as well as Match Winner predictions. If you’re after a tennis best tip of the day, you’ll find it right here on our Hot Tips page.
If ice hockey is more your preference, bettingexpert's community of tipsters posted an amazing range of free ice hockey tips. Whether it's major European ice hockey leagues and tournaments such as the Swiss National League A, Slovakia Extraliga, Czech Extraliga, Finland's SM liga, Swedish Elitserien and the Kontinental Hockey League or the world's most popular hockey league, the NHL, you'll find dozens of free ice hockey tips posted daily throughout the season.
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In Australia, the most famous racehorse was Phar Lap (bred in New Zealand), who raced from 1928 to 1932. Phar Lap carried 9 st 12 lb (62.5 kg) to win the 1930 Melbourne Cup. Australian steeplechaser Crisp is remembered for his battle with Irish champion Red Rum in the 1973 Grand National. In 2003–2005 the mare Makybe Diva (bred in Great Britain) became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years. In harness racing, Cane Smoke had 120 wins, including 34 in a single season, Paleface Adios became a household name during the 1970s, while Cardigan Bay, a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the 1960s. More recently, Blacks A Fake has won four Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only horse to complete this feat in Australasia's premier harness race.[46]
It does not come more perfect than 60-year-old fertilizer salesman Fred Craggs from Yorkshire, UK who won £1 million from a small 50p bet. Craggs placed an 8-fold accumulator with William Hill and his selections came from horse race meets scheduled across the globe. Bizarrely, Craggs was not even aware he had become a millionaire until he visited the same bookmaker to place another bet.
The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed with English horses that were brought over in the 1700s. The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact, muscular horse. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work. The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in 1940.[23]
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