The club had come to see the syndicates’ success as a headache. There was no law against what they were doing, but in a parimutuel gambling system, every dollar they won was a dollar lost by someone else. If the everyday punters at Happy Valley and Sha Tin ever found out that foreign computer nerds were siphoning millions from the pools, they might stop playing entirely.
The earliest races were match races between two or at most three horses, the owners providing the purse, a simple wager. An owner who withdrew commonly forfeited half the purse, later the whole purse, and bets also came under the same “play or pay” rule. Agreements were recorded by disinterested third parties, who came to be called keepers of the match book. One such keeper at Newmarket in England, John Cheny, began publishing An Historical List of All Horse-Matches Run (1729), a consolidation of match books at various racing centres, and this work was continued annually with varying titles, until in 1773 James Weatherby established it as the Racing Calendar, which was continued thereafter by his family.

Payment Options & Customer Care - When writing online casino reviews, we check that all popular payment methods such as Visa, MasterCard, Paysafecard, Neteller, Skrill and more are available. We also test live-chat and telephone customer support by giving them a set of specific questions and queries. If they’re not competent enough then the casino customer care rank will be reduced.


After you’ve opened your account you’ll be listed in the online casino’s database of information, which the company will usually use in order to send you information about promotions, bonuses, and news. In most cases, your data is kept private; however, you might find casinos which will resell your information to other companies. Thus, you should always remember to read an online casino’s terms and conditions page in order to find out if the casino you’ve chosen will, in fact, keep the information that you’ve provided for their exclusive use only.
When a bookie sets odds for games, he will build what bookies call an “over round” into his set of odds. Another slang term used for this formula is “the juice.” For the sake of simplicity, let’s look at a boxing match where both contenders are equally talented, of equal stature, etc. Since they both have an equal chance of winning, a casual bet may be even money. You put $20 on one guy; your friend puts $20 on the other. Whichever fighter wins awards the bettor with the total of $40.
Gotham Stakes Day at Aqueduct - Enticed won the featured Gotham Stakes (G3) by 2 3/4 lengths over longshot Old Time Revival and favorite Free Drop Billy. Also on the card, Skyler's Scramjet won the Tom Fool Handicap (G3), Divine Miss Grey won the Heavenly Prize Invitational, and Harlan Punch won the Stymie Stakes. Get the results, charts, and photos here.
There are also tons of other things to bet on, including so-called proposition or “prop” bets on things that might happen during games. You could bet on whether Kansas City Chiefs quarterback Patrick Mahomes or New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady will have more passing yards or touchdowns in a particular game or set of games. You can bet on whether a particular team will be leading after the first quarter or at halftime, whether there will be a safety or whether any field goals will be missed.

Benter had achieved something without known precedent: a kind of horse-racing hedge fund, and a quantitative one at that, using probabilistic modeling to beat the market and deliver returns to investors. Probably the only other one of its kind was Woods’s operation, and Benter had written its code base. Their returns kept growing. Woods made $10 million in the 1994-95 season and bought a Rolls-Royce that he never drove. Benter purchased a stake in a French vineyard. It was impossible to keep their success secret, and they both attracted employees and hangers-on, some of whom switched back and forth between the Benter and Woods teams. One was Bob Moore, a manic New Zealander whose passions were cocaine and video analysis. He’d watch footage of past races to identify horses that should have won but were bumped or blocked and prevented from doing so. It worked as a kind of bad-luck adjuster and made the algorithms more effective.
Benter’s model required his undivided attention. It monitored only about 20 inputs—just a fraction of the infinite factors that influence a horse’s performance, from wind speed to what it ate for breakfast. In pursuit of mathematical perfection, he became convinced that horses raced differently according to temperature, and when he learned that British meteorologists kept an archive of Hong Kong weather data in southwest England, he traveled there by plane and rail. A bemused archivist led him to a dusty library basement, where Benter copied years of figures into his notebook. When he got back to Hong Kong, he entered the data into his computers—and found it had no effect whatsoever on race outcomes. Such was the scientific process.
Here is what a professional baseball bettor might do in his head. After looking over statistics from MLB (kept religiously by all sorts of bloggers, data archives, and magazines) between the years 2000-2010, he notices a particular statistic pop out. For example: when the home team starts a left-handed pitcher the day after a loss, that team wins 59% of the time. Good sports bettors can do this sort of math in their head or very quickly on paper. From that bit of information comes a new betting theory—look for game situations that mirror the above example and bet on them. That means he’ll only bet games where the home team starts a left-handed pitcher the day after a loss. Does he just jump in and start betting based on this back of the napkin math? No way. More statistical analysis is required—he may find that this was a fluke for that particular decade and isn’t a trustworthy statistics, or he may find an even more advantageous bet based on his original theory.
In the world of online casinos, Gambling.com knows what makes a great experience. That's what makes the online casino reviews on the site so valuable. They provide all the information players need about the various casino websites and their games, and recommend the best places to play the slots or spin the roulette wheel. The casino reviews are independent, honest and in-depth, and disreputable or untrustworthy sites are never reviewed, so it's easy to trust Gambling.com and their veteran staff of experts to direct you to the very best online casino experiences.
When you see any of our online casino reviews, you will realise that on the left-hand side of the review, each casino has a list of specifications. This list includes the following elements: Software and Graphics, Support, Progressive Jackpot, Game Variety, Reputation Fairness, Wagering Requirements, Payout Ratio, Deposit Withdrawal Options, Promotions and Signup Bonus. For each of these specifications, there is a mark out of ten and this goes up and down depending on the casinos' performance. In this way, we ensure that our players always know exactly what to expect from their possible casino of choice.
Blended Citizen eats up the Jeff Ruby Steaks (G3) - Saturday, Blended Citizen held off Pony Up by a neck to win the Jeff Ruby Steaks (G3) at Turfway Park while favorite Hazit stumbled and finished last. Also on the card, Go Noni Go won the Bourbonette Oaks (G3), Camelot Kitten won the Kentucky Cup Classic, Alternative Route won the Rushaway, and Sky Flower won the Latonia. Get the results, charts, and photos here.
After Bobo Duck, Mascot Treasure, and Frat Rat romped across the finish line—and then days turned into weeks, with no one collecting the prize—Benter was unprepared for the level of mounting public interest. “The ghost of the unclaimed $118 million Triple Trio,” wrote the racing columnist for the South China Morning Post, “is still banging around like an unwanted poltergeist.” Outlandish theories spread across Hong Kong. One held that the winner had watched the final leg and died of shock.

TwinSpires.com, part of publicly-traded Churchill Downs (NASDAQ: CHDN), is the official online wagering home of the Kentucky Derby. TwinSpires delivers the ultimate horseracing experience, with the latest in technology for wagering that's safe and secure. Members can wager free at 300+ thoroughbred, harness and quarter horse tracks worldwide, with exclusive access to major horse racing events including Breeders' Cup, TwinSpires Handicapping Open, and the entire Triple Crown - The Kentucky Derby, Preakness and the Belmont Stakes. Subscription-free TwinSpires offers real-time, multi-race live streaming video and race replays through TwinSpiresTV, free Brisnet PPs, advanced wagering tools like conditional wagering and wager cancel, and leading player rewards through TSC Elite. Enjoy anytime, anywhere wagering with online, smartphone, Voicebet® and TwinSpires Mobile from the most trusted name in horse racing.
Rated, Approved & Reviewed Online Casinos - If the online casino tests positively in all aspects listed above, we’ll provide a final score and create a detailed list of our findings. Casinos are re-checked often and our review scores are updated accordingly. We believe in honesty and transparency which is why we always list the good and bad of each casino.

Future Stars Friday at the Breeders' Cup - Friday had 5 races for the Juveniles on both dirt and turf, headlined by the Sentient Jet Breeders' Cup Juvenile (G1) won by favorite Game Winner. Also on the card, Line of Duty won the Juvenile Turf (G1), Jaywalk won the Juvenile Fillies (G1), Newspaperofrecord won the Juvenile Fillies Turf (G1), and Bulletin won the inaugural Juvenile Turf Sprint. Get the results, charts, and photos here. More photos: Juvenile  -  Juvenile Turf  -  Juvenile Fillies  -  Juvenile Fillies Turf  -  Juvenile Turf Sprint 

Here at SBAT, we have a team of sports tipsters who will provide you with the very best betting tips and predictions, these are all provided for free every day for you. Our expert betting tipsters will do all the research, so you are given the very best betting tips for each day, these tips are from every sport imaginable including football, cricket, rugby, tennis, horse racing, basketball, baseball, golf, American football and many more. We update all our tips daily and post them on each page; we have our Bet Of The Day page, Free Horse Racing Tips Page, Football Betting Tips page and our Golf Betting tips as well as much more for you to chose from. Our team of tipsters are experts in all the sports we tip with different areas of expertise for each we cover every sport to try and make the very best bet predictions for you. All the tips and bets we provide are completely free you do not have to pay for anything, so it's always worth checking out. Our tipsters use lots of different betting techniques so you can find accumulator betting tips, Lucky 15 tips, doubles and even each way bets as well as our super singles.
Paysafecard.It is a perfect option for the gamblers who are very afraid of frauds and don’t want to disclose their credit card information. It is a prepaid card that you can buy in one of the 500 000 outlets across the world and use to pay for the goods in online shops and for the games in online casinos. It’s safe and easy but might be sometimes difficult to find especially in the small countries.
In Australia, the most famous racehorse was Phar Lap (bred in New Zealand), who raced from 1928 to 1932. Phar Lap carried 9 st 12 lb (62.5 kg) to win the 1930 Melbourne Cup. Australian steeplechaser Crisp is remembered for his battle with Irish champion Red Rum in the 1973 Grand National. In 2003–2005 the mare Makybe Diva (bred in Great Britain) became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years. In harness racing, Cane Smoke had 120 wins, including 34 in a single season, Paleface Adios became a household name during the 1970s, while Cardigan Bay, a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the 1960s. More recently, Blacks A Fake has won four Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only horse to complete this feat in Australasia's premier harness race.[46]
2018 Cigar Mile Day Results - Saturday at Aqueduct, Patternrecognition held off True Timber to win the Cigar Mile (G1) by 3/4 length while favorite Mendelssohn finished 4th. Also on the card, Marley's Freedom won the Go For Wand Handicap (G3), Maximus Mischief won the Remsen (G2), and Positive Spirit won the Demoiselle (G2). Get the results, charts, and photos here.
If you play at a land-based casino in Atlantic City, you’re going to want the licensed NJ online casino that’s attached to that Atlantic City casino, and you’re going to want to earn points and comps for your play. That’s one of the great perks of online casino gambling in NJ, but it’s important to note that not all online casinos in New Jersey offer the same level of integration between online play and land-based rewards – a difference we try to note in our NJ online casino reviews.
Horse racing in Poland can be dated to 1777, when a horse owned by Polish noble Kazimierz Rzewuski beat the horse of the English chargé d'affaires, Sir Charles Whitworth, on the road from Wola to Ujazdów Castle. The first regular horse racing was organized in 1841 on Mokotów Fields in Warsaw by Towarzystwo Wyścigów Konnych i Wystawy Zwierząt Gospodarskich w Królestwie Polskim (in English, the Society of Horse Racing in Congress Poland). The main racetrack in Poland is Warsaw's Służewiec Racecourse. The industry was severely limited during the Communist era, when gambling, the major source of funding, was made illegal.
Benter, 61, walks with a slight stoop. He looks like a university professor, his wavy hair and beard streaked with gray, and speaks in a soft, slightly Kermit-y voice. He told me he’d been driven only partly by money—and I believed him. With his intelligence, he could have gotten richer faster working in finance. Benter wanted to conquer horse betting not because it was hard, but because it was said to be impossible. When he cracked it, he actively avoided acclaim, outside the secretive band of geeks and outcasts who occupy his chosen field. Some of what follows relies on his recollections, but in every case where it’s been possible to corroborate events and figures, they’ve checked out in interviews with dozens of individuals, as well as in books, court records, and other documents. Only one thing Benter ever told me turned out to be untrue. It was at the outset of our conversations, when he said he didn’t think I’d find anything interesting to write about in his career.
In Malaysia, horse racing was introduced during the British colonial era and remains to the present day as a gambling activity. There are three race courses in Malaysia, namely Penang Turf Club, Perak Turf Club and Selangor Turf Club. Within and only within the turf clubs, betting on horse racing is a legal form of gambling. Racing in Malaysia and Singapore is conducted and governed under the Rules of the Malayan Racing Association and betting in Malaysia is operated and organized by Pan Malaysian Pools Sdn Bhd.
The Bookmaker needs to make money so they will typically price them at 10/11 or 1.909 in decimals. So if you make 10 bets of £10 each on a Saturday all about 2.0 then probability suggests that 5 will win and 5 will lose. That’s fine if you got 2.0 as you will get back the £100 you started with, however if you have taken 10/11 then you will only get back £95.45.

Online casinos vary with the number and type of games they offer. Currently, the most popular and prevalent style of game is the online video slot. These games are based on video slots seen in brick-and-mortar (land-based) establishments. Some of them are even exact replicas of these games. Other games seen are three-reel slots, card games, dice games, roulette, video poker and fixed odds games.
Responsible Gambling & Funds Protection - We approve casinos as trustworthy only when we see that they have implemented responsible gambling policy and features to protect players’ funds. All top rated online casinos across our site have strict problem gambling rules and features such as the right to temporarily or permanently exclude yourself from the site, withdrawal lock features and no reversal options, deposit limits and others.
The robo-bettors’ numbers have continued to proliferate. After Woods’s death, his children maintained his Hong Kong operation, but other members of the team went into business for themselves. And Benter spread the secrets of his success in various ways: He gave math talks at universities, shared his theories with employees and consultants, and even published an academic paper laying out his system. The 1995 document—“Computer-Based Horse Race Handicapping and Wagering Systems: A Report”—became a manual for an entire generation of high-tech gamblers.

As you can see from the table, all the operators accept credit and debit cards, with a variety of alternative payment methods also accepted. Some operators fare better than others, in terms of the sheer variety of payment options available. Mansion Casino offers PayPal and bank transfers as alternatives to paying by card. The majority of operators charge no fees for making a deposit. The only exception here is Betfair, who disappointingly charges fees for depositing through various methods. Since 31st August 2015, Ukash has no longer been available in the UK, having been replaced by paysafecard.
Software: Betsoft Gaming, Big Time Gaming, Cryptologic, EGT, IGT, Merkur Gaming, Microgaming, Net Entertainment, NextGen Gaming, Novomatic, Playtech, Play’n GO, Pragmatic Play, Quickspin, Red Tiger Gaming, Thunderkick, WMS, Yggdrasil Gaming, Novomatic, WMS, Bally, Shuffle Master, Scientific Games, Barcrest, NetEnt, Microgaming, IGT, Play’n Go, Thunderkick, Pragmatic Play, Merkur, Betsoft, Leander, Skywind, Rival, Noble Gaming, MGA, Realistic Games, 1x2 Gaming, Genesis, Casino Technology, EGT,
Benter’s solution to the phone ban was time-consuming and required him to manage teams of runners, who risked being robbed. But it was almost as profitable as his old arrangement. The club continued to exchange his cash vouchers for checks, and no one came to shut him down. Woods kept betting in a slightly different manner, sending members of an extended roster of Philippine girlfriends directly to the racetrack with bags full of cash.
These criteria give a solid foundation to asses and compare operators. Yet there are also other factors that are of interest, which do not fall into any of these categories. This is why I have included a bonus points category in each casino review, where extra points are awarded for certain features. Take for example awards that have been won by the operators. If a casino has been recognised and rewarded by industry respected authorities, then this provides proof of the quality of the casino, and definitely deserves recognition. It’s worth taking note though, some awards that casinos boast on their sites can be rather unauthentic. Many affiliates gift such awards to any site that they are promoting to paint them in a good light. The only awards that I gave full bonus points for were the prestigious, independent awards managed by well-respected organisations, such as the EGR Awards (eGaming Review), IGA (International Gaming Awards) and the Global Gaming Awards.

Kentucky Oaks Undercard Stakes Results - There were 5 other stakes on the card today with the Oaks, including the La Troienne (G1) won by Salty, the Alysheba (G2) won by Backyard Heaven, the Eight Belles (G2) won by Mia Mischief, the Twin Spires Turf Sprint (G3) won by Will Call, and the Edgewood Stakes (G3) won by Toinette. Get the results, charts, and photos here. cThursday Kentucky Derby Photos - This morning at Churchill Downs was the first time for Mendelssohn to get on the track. He came out with the rest of the O'Brien string just after Derby work time. I stayed until 9am for Enticed so got 19 Derby horses and 9 Oaks fillies for you.
The RTP for each game is usually found in the game rules on the casino website. Many operators also publish actual payout reports from independent testing agencies such as eCOGRA and GLI, detailing the actual percentage returned to players across specific game categories during a particular time period. However, there are some casinos, such as Betway, that list no information regarding the theoretical return for the individual games. Yet, Betway does provide actual payout reports from eCOGRA detailing the overall amount returned to players for slots, poker games and table games. This means that you lose the option of seeing specific details for particular games, but it gives you an overall picture of the average amount returned to players across various game categories. For this omission of detail, I deducted a point from Betway. In the interests of transparency, I would like to see Betway also include the theoretical RTP for individual games in the game rules.
Overall, there is a good level of customer service provided by all of the operators. All provide live chat 24/7, and with the exception of InterCasino, support is also available by phone round the clock. It’s worth noting however that calls to Mr Green and Betfair will be charged at standard UK rate, where as the other casinos provide their phone service free of charge. Email queries were responded to within 24 hours by all operators, with 888casino leading the way with the fastest replies to my questions. All the operators also provided an additional customer support channel, from on site contact forms, to Skype.
The closed casinos reviewed in this section all once were US-facing online casinos. Six of these casinos were owned by NetAd Management and the Affactive Group affiliate program, while the other four casinos were owned by Milore Limited and the Revenue Jet affiliate program. The owners of all ten sites, Ziv Orenstein and Gery Shalon, were arrested for the JPMorgan-Chase cyber-attack of 2014, so all 10 online casinos were closed. These were considered rogue casinos before they closed, which is why readers should read warnings about sites before depositing money there.
Safety is a very important factor when assessing an online casino, and there are various areas covered under this umbrella. Probably top of the list comes licensing, given it is absolutely mandatory that an operator is in possession of a licence issued by the UK Gambling Commission, to legally provide services to players in the UK. In order to gain a licence, UK casinos must adhere to the strictest standards and regulations. Also to be taken into consideration regarding safety is the fairness of games, IT technical security and player protection.
All of the best rated online casinos that we have reviewed for you on this site come highly recommended. They have all obtained a license from a trusted authority which is based in a reputable online gaming licensing jurisdiction. All of our top-rated US online casinos are closely monitored by these authorities and the software used at these casinos is frequently tested by independent auditors.

Gotham Stakes Day at Aqueduct - Enticed won the featured Gotham Stakes (G3) by 2 3/4 lengths over longshot Old Time Revival and favorite Free Drop Billy. Also on the card, Skyler's Scramjet won the Tom Fool Handicap (G3), Divine Miss Grey won the Heavenly Prize Invitational, and Harlan Punch won the Stymie Stakes. Get the results, charts, and photos here.
Kentucky Derby Notes for 4/30 - Combatant made his final timed work at Churchill Downs and during the day all the Derby horses finally arrived at the track. Entries were drawn for the Oaks and the Derby will be drawn on Tuesday. Check out comments and photos for the Derby and Oaks horses, probable starters for the rest of the Derby weekend stakes, and more. Previous: 4/29, 4/28, 4/27, 4/26, 4/25, 4/24, 4/23, 4/22, 4/21
The earliest American racecourses were typically straight quarter-mile sprints. For these short distances, American jockeys developed a style of riding involving a short stirrup and a crouching posture—this “American seat” eventually became standard worldwide for all distances. As longer, elliptical racetracks were built in New York and throughout the South, a greater onus was placed on jockeys to pace their horses. Because Thoroughbred horses are capable of running only about a quarter of a mile at top speed, determining what pace to set and when to unleash this burst of speed is crucial to winning. The American jockey Isaac Murphy was famous in the 1880s and ’90s for his “grandstand finishes.”
Overall, there is a good level of customer service provided by all of the operators. All provide live chat 24/7, and with the exception of InterCasino, support is also available by phone round the clock. It’s worth noting however that calls to Mr Green and Betfair will be charged at standard UK rate, where as the other casinos provide their phone service free of charge. Email queries were responded to within 24 hours by all operators, with 888casino leading the way with the fastest replies to my questions. All the operators also provided an additional customer support channel, from on site contact forms, to Skype.

Benter continued to operate his in-person betting scheme through the turn of the millennium, with his model expanding to track more than 120 factors per horse, but the logistics were proving a grind. He felt disconnected from his gambler friends in Wan Chai—a nocturnal clique of geeks and rogues. He had started mixing with a more professional crowd, adopting their dress code of smart suits and ties, and he’d taken a more active role in the local Rotary Club chapter. Benter embraced its motto of “Service Above Self,” giving millions of dollars anonymously and visiting impoverished schools in China and refugee camps in Pakistan. For the first time, he thought seriously about quitting and moving back to the U.S. If it all has to end, he thought, I’ve had an incredible run.


The world’s biggest known accumulator win came in March 2011 in the UK, when plumbing engineer Steve Whiteley managed to win a staggering £1.45 million from a noble £2 bet. Whiteley, from Tawton in Devon, selected six winners on the Exeter Tote Jackpot from a choice of horse race meets across the UK and Ireland. His accumulator consisted of Semicolon (2/1), Black Phantom (12/1), Ammunition (16/1), Mr Bennett (16/1), Lundy Sky (5/1), and Lupita (12/1).
Paysafecard.It is a perfect option for the gamblers who are very afraid of frauds and don’t want to disclose their credit card information. It is a prepaid card that you can buy in one of the 500 000 outlets across the world and use to pay for the goods in online shops and for the games in online casinos. It’s safe and easy but might be sometimes difficult to find especially in the small countries.
This strategy yields at getting good odds for a bet on a goal being scored in the last minutes of a match. For such a tip it's important to choose a match with a clear underdog. When this is the case, it often happens that the underdog receives one or more goals towards the end of the match. An example could be the duel of FC Bayern Munich and SC Freiburg. You best take a look at the statistics of the last matches and the total received goals of the Underdog. Given we are at the end of the first half of the season and Bayern faces Freiburg. Bayern has a goal statistic of 38:2 and SC Freiburg one of 11:25. In this case we can recommend a bet on a late goal and you will find those also in our section "betting tips today". Just remember the las EURO or World Cup, when many goals we scored in the last minutes or even in added time. Such betting tips usually have pretty high odds.
I was on Youtube today and someone was comparing the first race of Hidden Scroll to the first race of Justify (both earned 104 BSRs for their first race)......it's still too early to tell but maybe Justify will eventually replace Secretariat as the new Gold Standard for young horses.....how long before a bronze statue of Justify replaces the bronze statue of Secretariat at Belmont Park Race Track?.....the times are a changing that's for sure...

We want our readers to have the most up-to-date information on US online casinos. Because of the thoroughness of our evaluation process, some of our best online casino reviews are going to be in-depth and comprehensive. We hope they’re brief enough to hold your attention, but we want to serve the greater interest in providing useful reviews you can trust. Ultimately, if players don’t have a good gaming experience, they might stop playing and the entire online gambling industry suffers.
Safety is an important part of any casino that allows USA players to play casino games for real money. We always ensure to include this in our top online casino reviews and rating process. A casino to be considered to be safe it has to have the certification that proves this claim. One of the top organisations that reviews the casino safety is e-Commerce and Online Gaming Regulation and Assurance Agency (eCOGRA).

^ NTRA Wagering Technology Working Group in conjunction with Giuliani Partners LLC (August 2003). "Improving Security in the United States Pari-Mutuel Wagering System: Status Report and Recommendations" (PDF). National Thoroughbred Racing Association Web Site. National Thoroughbred Racing Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2008-02-17.


The reasons most sports bettors don’t spend time learning the tricks of advantage players is it’s slightly time consuming, most have no leads how to do it, are overwhelmed or when they do learn it’s not actually fun. If you’re looking for something fun we suggest paint balling, a trip to the amusement park, circus or what have you. If you’re looking to actually make money then you’ll need to know how to find +EV bets.
The alternative draw is so popular, because usually the odds are very attractive. A classic strategy is to consequently bet on a draw until it happens. Of course you always need to keep an eye on the odds. The idea behind this alternative is to double the stakes until the draw becomes reality. Given you start with stakes of 5 £ on a draw of 1. FSV Mainz 05. You best choose the team with the most draws in the ranking. This is just a strategy and no recommendation, since you can also get rid of your stakes very fast.
Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. Equestrian sports provided entertainment for crowds and displayed the excellent horsemanship needed in battle. Horse racing of all types evolved from impromptu competitions between riders or drivers. The various forms of competition, requiring demanding and specialized skills from both horse and rider, resulted in the systematic development of specialized breeds and equipment for each sport. The popularity of equestrian sports through the centuries has resulted in the preservation of skills that would otherwise have disappeared after horses stopped being used in combat.[8]
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