Competitive endurance riding commenced in Australia in 1966, when the Tom Quilty Gold Cup was first held in the Hawkesbury district, near Sydney, New South Wales. The Quilty Cup is considered the National endurance ride and there are now over 100 endurance events contested across Australia, ranging in distances from 80 km to 400 km.[47] The world's longest endurance ride is the Shahzada 400 km Memorial Test which is conducted over five days travelling 80 kilometres a day at St Albans on the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales. In all endurance events there are rigorous vet checks, conducted before, during and after the competition, in which the horses' welfare is of the utmost concern.[48]


Payment Options & Customer Care - When writing online casino reviews, we check that all popular payment methods such as Visa, MasterCard, Paysafecard, Neteller, Skrill and more are available. We also test live-chat and telephone customer support by giving them a set of specific questions and queries. If they’re not competent enough then the casino customer care rank will be reduced.

The following year the Hong Kong Jockey Club phoned Benter at an office he’d established in Happy Valley. He winced, remembering the meaty hand of the Las Vegas pit boss on his shoulder. But instead of threatening him, a Jockey Club salesperson said, “You are one of our best customers. What can we do to help you?” The club wasn’t a casino trying to root out gamblers who regularly beat the house; its incentive was to maximize betting activity so more revenue was available for Hong Kong charities and the government. Benter asked if it was possible to place his bets electronically instead of over the phone. The Jockey Club agreed to install what he called the “Big CIT”—a customer input terminal. He ran a cable from his computers directly into the machine and increased his betting.
The original King’s Plates were standardized races—all were for six-year-old horses carrying 168 pounds at 4-mile heats, a horse having to win two heats to be adjudged the winner. Beginning in 1751, five-year-olds carrying 140 pounds (63.5 kg) and four-year-olds carrying 126 pounds (57 kg) were admitted to the King’s Plates, and heats were reduced to 2 miles (3.2 km). Other racing for four-year-olds was well established by then, and a race for three-year-olds carrying 112 pounds (51 kg) in one 3-mile (4.8-km) heat was run in 1731. Heat racing for four-year-olds continued in the United States until the 1860s. By that time, heat racing had long since been overshadowed in Europe by dash racing, a “dash” being any race decided by only one heat, regardless of its distance.

He went to the Gambler’s Book Club, a Vegas institution, and bought everything he could find on horses. There were lots of “systems” promising incredible results, but to him they seemed flimsy, written by journalists and amateur handicappers. Few contained real math. Benter wanted something more rigorous, so he went to the library at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas, which kept a special collection on gaming. Buried in stacks of periodicals and manuscripts, he found what he was looking for—an academic paper titled “Searching for Positive Returns at the Track: A Multinomial Logit Model for Handicapping Horse Races.” Benter sat down to read it, and when he was done he read it again.


Thirty-two years after he first arrived in Hong Kong, Benter is still betting on horses at venues around the world. He can see the odds change in the seconds before a race as all the computer players place their bets at the same time, and he’s amazed he can still win. He continues tinkering with his model. The latest change: How much does moving to a new trainer improve a horse’s performance?
Return to Player (RTP) is often misunderstood or overlooked by players. The following table shows the payout percentages across all games for my selected operators. This shows how much of all bets placed for each game are paid back to players. It’s important to understand that these payout rates are calculated over a long period of time and over many many hands, providing an overall average return to player. So this is not the amount that you are guaranteed to win when you play a particular game. Take for example the days where you play and play and walk away empty handed, compared to those where luck seems to be on your side and you end up with a nice profit. The higher the RTP, the lower the house edge. There are even some games which almost lack the house edge altogether, like Betfair Casino, meaning the RTP reaches as much as 99.9% for certain games.
The reasons most sports bettors don’t spend time learning the tricks of advantage players is it’s slightly time consuming, most have no leads how to do it, are overwhelmed or when they do learn it’s not actually fun. If you’re looking for something fun we suggest paint balling, a trip to the amusement park, circus or what have you. If you’re looking to actually make money then you’ll need to know how to find +EV bets.
Each of the casinos listed below provides essential information at a glance to assist our visitors by providing a general overview of the most important facts. For those players seeking more details and information on the respective sites we suggest clicking the “Review” link associated with the various brands for a full expert casino ratings and review of the listed site. Unfortunately, if you're a player from one of the following, NJ, PA, NY, or DE, US states you will not be permitted to play at the casinos we feature below.
Organized racing in North America began with the British occupation of New Amsterdam (now New York City) in 1664. Col. Richard Nicolls, commander of the British troops, established organized racing in the colonies by laying out a 2-mile (3.2-km) course on the plains of Long Island (called Newmarket after the British racecourse) and offering a silver cup to the best horses in the spring and fall seasons. From the beginning, and continuing until the Civil War, the hallmark of excellence for the American Thoroughbred was stamina, rather than speed. After the Civil War, speed became the goal and the British system the model.
No matter what methods you use to find +EV bets, the information contained in our article on finding maximum value is a must read. Next, if you’re thinking about purchasing picks, read our article on winning without a tout. In that article you’ll also find some information on getting free picks. Use that with the earlier mention getting max value article, and shopping the market and you’ll likely be turning an easy, yet slightly time consuming profit.
Maybe you’re wondering how the RTP of slots at online casinos compares to slots in land-based casinos? Well as a general rule, payout percentages in brick and mortar casinos are considerably lower than their online counterparts. The reason for this being mostly the higher operating costs, which are reflected in the reduced payouts. Another consideration when comparing online and land-based slots are the maximum payouts allowed. When it comes to online slots, there are no limits and restrictions on the maximum amount that can legally be paid from a machine. Therefore, you can see some truly astonishing progressive jackpot prizes online, like 888casino’s Millionaire Genie slot, whose jackpot regularly exceeds £1 million. This is not the case for slots in land-based casinos. According to UK Gambling Commission legislation, slots are sorted into various categories, with limits on the maximum bet and the maximum payout allowed. The Category A slot allows unlimited payouts, yet these machines are only permitted in a regional gambling establishment. As you may be aware, there are no regional casinos in the UK, after the government decided not to proceed with the project. Therefore, currently, the highest machine category available in UK land-based casinos is the B1. This allows a maximum payout of £10,000 with the option of a maximum £20,000 linked progressive jackpot on a premises basis only. So clearly, playing slots online is much more favourable, given that there are higher payout rates and that the jackpots up for grabs are unlimited.
After you’ve opened your account you’ll be listed in the online casino’s database of information, which the company will usually use in order to send you information about promotions, bonuses, and news. In most cases, your data is kept private; however, you might find casinos which will resell your information to other companies. Thus, you should always remember to read an online casino’s terms and conditions page in order to find out if the casino you’ve chosen will, in fact, keep the information that you’ve provided for their exclusive use only.
Club horse racing reappeared on a small scale in the 1990s. In 2008, the China Speed Horse Race Open in Wuhan was organized as the qualification round for the speed horse race event at the National Games the next year, but was also seen by commentators as a step towards legalizing both horse racing and gambling on the races.[64] The Wuhan Racecourse was the only racecourse that organized races in China.[65] In 2014, the Wuhan Jockey Club organized more than 80 races. Almost all Chinese trainers and jockeys stabled in Wuhan. However, with the demise of the event at the National Games and the government not relenting from the ban on commercial racing, various racecourses built in recent years are all in a state of disuse: The Nanjing Racecourse, which previously hosted National Games equestrian events, is now used as a car park;[66] the Beijing Jockey Club was shut down in 2008. The racecourse in Inner Mongolia has not been active after 2012.
To ensure the fairness and integrity of games, safe online casinos will use testing agencies to provide regular analysis of the random number generator (RNG) and the RTP. Such authorities include the likes of eCOGRA (E-Commerce and Online Gaming Regulation and Assurance), Technical Systems Testing (TST), Gaming Laboratories International (GLI) and Gaming Associates. All are recognised by the UKGC, and are independent from the casino operators. You will often see certificates from these testing agencies in the footer of the casino websites, with links to the most recent payout reports.

A team might have won all of their recent matches, but if they have suddenly lost their major playmaker or their pacey outlet, it soon becomes very hard to replicate performances with any real consistency. As such, the importance of following the best football betting tips begins to shine through. You can add that extra air to your decisions. While your mates are betting on teams based on their star player from the 90s, or how much they like their kit, you are betting on the star man of today doing the business and helping you to clean up using our football betting tips!


We want to know what current gamblers are saying. The anonymity of the Internet means players share their opinions, both good and bad. A bit of research tells us a lot about a site. We understand that some players are disgruntled because they lost. We understand customers like to complain. We understand that competitors sometimes post bad online casino reviews, pretending to be gamblers. For that reason, we don’t look at one lone opinion, but the totality of player experiences. That consensus is reported here.
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The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed with English horses that were brought over in the 1700s. The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact, muscular horse. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work. The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in 1940.[23]
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